James Lawson Jr. and Kent Wong
James Lawson Jr. first shook hands with Martin Luther King Jr. on Feb. 6,1957, at Oberlin College in Ohio. Their conversation compelled Lawson to move to the South to join the emerging struggle for justice and dignity. On the eve of King's assassination, King called Lawson “the leading theorist and strategist of nonviolence in the world.”
A book, "Nonviolence and Social Movements: The Teachings of Rev. James M. Lawson Jr.," was recently published by the UCLA Labor Center. The publication emerged from a class taught by Lawson and Kent Wong, director of the UCLA Labor Center; Kelly Lytle Hernandez, UCLA professor of history and African-American studies; and Ana Luz Gonzalez, Ph.D. graduate, and it was written by students who were inspired by the class.
Lawson’s first nonviolent direct action campaign was in Nashville, where he led the series of lunch-counter sit-ins that successfully challenged segregation. The workshops that Lawson held in the philosophy and strategy of nonviolence trained a new generation of activists who subsequently organized path-breaking campaigns throughout the South, including the Freedom Rides. In California, Lawson has worked with hotel workers, janitors, home care workers, and undocumented immigrant youth to embrace nonviolence in historic organizing victories.