UCLA In the News August 15, 2018

UCLA In the News lists selected mentions of UCLA in the world’s news media. See more UCLA In the News.

U.S. News ranks L.A. hospitals among the best in the nation | Los Angeles Business Journal

“UCLA Health once again has been recognized for comprehensive excellence in patient care,” said Johnese Spisso, president of UCLA Health and chief executive of the UCLA Hospital System, in a statement. UCLA received Top 10 rankings in 11 specialties, including geriatrics (No. 4), nephrology (No. 5), and ophthalmology at the UCLA Jules Stein and Doheny Eye Institutes.

Half of the top 10 U.S. colleges are in California. Here’s why they rule | Money magazine

If Money’s 2018 Best Colleges rankings put you in a West Coast state of mind, there’s a reason: This year’s list was dominated by the University of California system. The top-tier network of public colleges landed eight campuses in the top 100 this year — four in the top 10 alone, including UCLA at No. 4.

Los Angeles to use body scanners at transit hubs, as New York tests them | New York Times

Even though officials have said the technology would be unobtrusive, [UCLA’s Brian] Taylor questioned whether employees would still have to stop and question people who are flagged as having a suspicious item — possibly for a false alarm. “Someone has to intervene, stop that person and check out what’s going on,” Mr. Taylor said. “That causes delay and it also causes a sense of invasiveness among the passengers.”

Family separation isn’t new | The Atlantic

Leisy Abrego, a Chicana and Chicano studies professor at UCLA, studies Salvadoran migrants, of whom there are around 2 million in the U.S. In her book, “Sacrificing Families: Navigating Laws, Labor and Love Across Borders,” Abrego notes that “in the Salvadoran immigrant community … everyone has a sibling, cousin, uncle or neighbor who lives or has lived away from their children or from their mother and father.” She interviewed children in El Salvador who had been separated from their parents, who had come to work in the U.S. for safety reasons or because they saw no other option to provide money for their children. Although these children weren’t separated from their parents by U.S. officials, Abrego says that the pain they describe in the interviews has traumatized them in similar ways to children separated at the border.

Baby’s stroke a reminder why the chickenpox vaccine is so important | NBC’s “Today”

“You can get chickenpox meningitis, which is an infection of the spinal fluid around the cord or the brain,” said Dr. Nina Shapiro, a professor at the University of California, Los Angeles, School of Medicine, director of pediatric otolaryngology at UCLA, and author of “Hype: A Doctor’s Guide to Medical Myths, Exaggerated Claims, and Bad Advice — How to Tell What’s Real and What’s Not.” “Chickenpox can also lead to encephalitis, pneumonia and severe dehydration,” Shapiro said. “Occasionally, you can get pox lesions in your mouth that prevent you from eating and drinking.”

California allocates $1M to improve mental health of Native American youth | California Health Report

Native American youth face disparities in modern medical care, said Daniel Dickerson, a psychiatrist at UCLA’s Integrated Substance Abuse Programs. For those in urban settings, this can be traced to the Indian Relocation Act of 1956, which moved Native Americans away from reservations and into cities with the promise of more jobs and opportunities, he said. But it didn’t work out this way, and many of these relocated families ended up unemployed or homeless, said Dickerson. “That set the stage for health disparities and the challenges and struggles the population in Los Angeles has experienced since then,” said Dickerson.

LAPD chief proposes solution: Eliminate old bench warrants for homeless people | Los Angeles Times

Gary Blasi, a retired UCLA law professor who studied homelessness extensively, said Moore’s statements are “a step in a positive direction.” Blasi said homeless advocates and the city attorney have come close to ripping up the warrants en masse, but it has never happened. “There is no rationale for this public policy. They know the people cannot pay the fines and they know if they go to jail, the Sheriff’s Department will release them immediately,” Blasi said.

School choice is the enemy of justice | New York Times Opinion

Perhaps it should come as no surprise that in 2010, researchers at the Civil Rights Project at UCLA found, in a study of 40 states and several dozen municipalities, that black students in charters are much more likely than their counterparts in traditional public schools to be educated in an intensely segregated setting. The report says that while charters had more potential to integrate because they are not bound by school district lines, “charter schools make up a separate, segregated sector of our already deeply stratified public school system.”

The case for getting white people to voluntarily desegregate public schools | KCRW-FM’s “Press Play”

“We also know from the research that going to school in a desegregated setting simply prepares students for more successful life,” says UCLA’s Patricia Gandara. “They learn how to work with different kinds of people.”

Critics call Museum of Contemporary Art San Diego expansion a ‘mistake’ | Los Angeles Times

“We recognize the museum’s need to expand, but we ask that it do so without irreparably damaging a cultural landmark and in the process severely weakening La Jolla’s beloved village center,” reads the letter, which was circulated late last month by Izzy Kornblatt, a graduate student in architecture at Harvard University. It has been signed by a design world who’s who, including Pulitzer Prize-winning architecture critics Paul Goldberger and Inga Saffron, former Yale University architecture dean Robert A.M. Stern, and Brett Steele, dean of UCLA’s School of the Arts and Architecture.

New evidence contradicts theory that Easter Island society collapsed | Gizmodo

UCLA anthropologist Jared Diamond famously detailed what they called the “ecocide” of Rapa Nui in his 2005 book “Collapse.” When Polynesians first settled the island about AD 800, they had the misfortune to select one that was dry, cool and remote — and thus poorly fertilized by windblown dust or volcanic ash. They chopped down forests to provide wood for construction and for moving the moai, and the trees didn’t return. The denuded landscape allowed winds to blow off the topsoil, and fertility fell sharply. When the natives no longer had wood for building fishing canoes, they killed and ate all the birds. Before the Dutch arrived at the island on Easter Sunday in 1722, the population had descended into cannibalism and barbarity. Diamond called it “the clearest example of a society that destroyed itself by over-exploiting its own resources.”

Finding it hard to focus? Maybe it’s not your fault | New York Times

Many of the biggest questions remain unanswered. At the top of that list, no smaller a mystery remains than “the relationship between attention and our conscious experience of the world,” said Jesse Rissman, a neuroscientist whose lab at UCLA studies attention and memory. Also unclear: the consequence of all that screen time on our bedraggled neurons. “We don’t understand how modern technology and changes in our culture impact our ability to sustain our attention on our goals,” Dr. Rissman said. (UCLA’s Katherine Hayles also quoted)

What level of health care should detained children receive? | Healio

(Commentary written by UCLA’s Elizabeth Barnert) To best care for migrant youth in detention, as a priority, policies and practices should avoid family separation whenever possible. Family reunification should be supported. Further, as asserted in the AAP policy statement on detained children, immigrant and refugee children, including those in detention, “should be treated with dignity and respect and should not be exposed to conditions that may harm or traumatize them.”

Can talk therapy help people who are unable to experience joy? | Scientific American

Targeting anhedonia directly, as opposed to treating overall depression, is a relatively new idea that is attracting increasing attention. Michelle Craske at the University of California, Los Angeles, is working on a behavioral intervention called positive affect treatment. Like the Smoski–Dichter work, it aims to beef up the brain’s sensitivity to rewards but it has a greater focus on asking patients to recount recent enjoyable events in order to emphasize and reinforce pleasure.

New study sheds light on how ultralow frequency radio waves and plasmas interact | Phys.org

“We have discovered new effects of these so-called whistler waves,” said [UCLA’s] Reiner Stenzel, an author on the paper. “These new laboratory studies will help expand our knowledge on this intriguing electromagnetic phenomenon and suggest new applications and possible inventions.”

In a massive region of space, astronomers find far fewer galaxies than they expected | Phys.org

“It was a rare case in astronomy where two competing models, both of which were compelling in their own way, offered precisely opposite predictions, and we were lucky that those predictions were testable,” said Steven Furlanetto, a UCLA professor of astronomy and a co-author of the research. The researchers found that region contains far fewer galaxies than expected — clear evidence that starlight could not get through. The paucity of galaxies could be the reason this region is so opaque. “It is not that the opacity is a cause of the lack of galaxies,” Furlanetto said. “Instead, it’s the other way around.”

‘Bone-crushing’ dogs left evidence in their feces | Scientific American

To peer inside the coprolites, the study authors enlisted researchers at the University of California, Los Angeles, School of Dentistry to run CT scans. The resulting images revealed skeletal fragments within each lump. These included a large piece of rib from a deer-size herbivore, which the scientists estimate could have weighed up to four times as much as one of its attackers.

Getting too little sleep may ‘age’ the heart | Reuters Health

“Previously, studies have demonstrated that sleep duration in adults is associated with cardiovascular risk factors, cardiovascular events, and all-cause mortality,” said Dr. Gregg Fonarow, a cardiologist with the David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles, who was not involved in the study. “Sleep duration that is either too short or too long is associated with greater risk, with most studies suggesting that the lowest risk occurs with 7 hours per day of sleep duration,” he said in an email.

Men, like women, can have post-sex blues | Reuters Health

“While this research is interesting, the study of PCD needs psychometrically valid instruments, said Rory Reid, an assistant professor of psychiatry and research psychologist at the University of California, Los Angeles, who was not involved in the study. The study used a few questions to measure PCD, but there is ambiguity in those items, Reid said in a phone interview. “They lack precision and there was no specificity about frequency in responses as to exactly how often was ‘a little’ or ‘some of the time,’” he noted.

People taking HIV-prevention pill may get more primary care | Reuters Health

“Provided these results hold across numerous clinics, these findings are exciting because PrEP utilization may allow providers to periodically assess other referrals that are needed for patients engaged in PrEP services,” said Matthew Beymer, a researcher at the University of California, Los Angeles, David Geffen School of Medicine and at the Los Angeles LGBT Center. “This is particularly advantageous for young consumers of PrEP whose only engagement with the healthcare system may be for PrEP services,” Beymer, who wasn’t involved in the study, said by email.

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