UCLA In the News August 24, 2018

UCLA In the News lists selected mentions of UCLA in the world’s news media. See more UCLA In the News.

Roy Choi wanted to start a revolution with fast-food chain Locol. Two years later, it closes | Los Angeles Times

“Somebody’s trying to do the right thing for all the right reasons and it doesn’t work out as planned. It’s a cautionary tale,” said Jonathan Fielding, a professor at the Fielding School of Public Health at UCLA and former director of the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health. “But it doesn’t mean that you can’t make a difference by putting this kind of a restaurant in lower-income areas. What it means is we have to continue to experiment…. It’s very tough to compete against the fast-food advertisers who are omnipresent.”

Pesticide studies won EPA’s trust, until Trump’s team scorned ‘secret science’ | New York Times

One study by Columbia University researchers linked an insecticide to developmental delays in toddlers. Another, by scientists at the University of California, Los Angeles, connected pesticides to Parkinson’s disease.

Decrypting the compelled decryption fight over Facebook Messenger | Forbes

(Commentary written by UCLA’s John Villasenor) Regardless of what one thinks of the U.S. government’s assertions regarding a right to access the audio exchanges in this particular case, if Facebook is forced to comply (and shows that it is technically able to do so), other governments — including authoritarian governments — will take notice. That will put Facebook in a very challenging position when faced with requests in the future from governments in countries where there are far fewer privacy protections than in the United States.

A deeper dive into California’s housing and homelessness crisis | CALmatters

“A state with higher housing costs, higher rental costs, and lower household income has a higher homelessness rate,” said William Yu, an economics professor at UCLA. Yu’s research found that median household income, housing supply growth, and population density are also factors in predicting a state’s homelessness rate.

Browser plug-ins that spot fake news show difficulty of tackling ‘information apocalypse’ | The Verge

Sarah Roberts, an assistant professor at UCLA who specializes in digital information and media, tells The Verge that products like Reality Defender are an important “instantiation of contemporary anxieties,” but they don’t address underlying issues. “I think people are sensing a vacuum,” says Roberts. “They sense a void, a lack of trust in institutions.” She adds that declining readership of established news media and lack of government support for libraries and public schools are “worrying trends.”

How to tell if you have celiac disease or a gluten intolerance | HuffPost

“We can easily screen for celiac disease with a simple blood test that looks for specific antibodies, or immune proteins,” said Guy Weiss, gastroenterologist and leader of the Celiac Disease Program at the University of California, Los Angeles. “In people with … high suspicion for the disease, we proceed with an upper endoscopy with biopsies of the small intestine to confirm the diagnosis,” he continued. This essentially means that if you’re suspected of having celiac disease, your doctor will insert a long and thin tube through your mouth and down into the small intestine to look around and take samples. This is a way of checking for and confirming the presence of active inflammation that’s typical of the condition.

History of heavy drinking linked to more aggressive prostate cancer | Reuters Health

“If I am a sober person who drank heavily in my youth, I wouldn’t worry too much,” said Dr. Christopher Saigal of the University of California, Los Angeles, Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, who wasn’t involved in the research. “The study has limitations. For one thing, it’s an association (rather than proof of cause). Also, they didn’t find that alcohol raised the risk of prostate cancer, but instead, that a subset of men might be at risk for high-grade disease.”

Massive pyramid, lost city and ancient human sacrifices unearthed in China | LiveScience

The team of archaeologists that wrote the article includes Li Jaang, a professor at the School of History at Zhengzhou University; Zhouyong Sun and Jing Shao, who are both archaeologists at the Shaanxi Provincial Institute of Archaeology; and Min Li, an anthropology professor at UCLA.

Researchers identify link between gut bacteria and eating for pleasure, as opposed to hunger | Medical Xpress

(Study led by UCLA’s Emeran Mayer) A study of 63 healthy people showed that those with elevated microbiome levels of the metabolite indole — produced when gut bacteria break down the amino acid tryptophan — had stronger function and connectivity in specific areas of the brain’s reward network.

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