UCLA In the News August 8, 2018

UCLA In the News lists selected mentions of UCLA in the world’s news media. See more UCLA In the News.

Nail salon brawl opened a racial rift online | New York Times

Kyeyoung Park, a professor of anthropology and Asian American studies at the University of California, Los Angeles, who has written about black-Asian tensions for two decades, said the specifics of the current situation gave her pause. “It’s not the same thing as the 1990s,” she said. “Over all, I would say the tension has been contained,” she said. But Dr. Park said she worried that the nail salon fight opened a new front for conflict, because past episodes had involved retail settings where customers had only brief contact with workers. At nail salons, she said: “Customers have to stay there for some time. It gives them a chance for dialogue. But when you have dialogue, it doesn’t always lead to a nice conversation.” And, she added: “Maybe social media changes everything.”

California moves to safeguard vehicle emissions rules from Trump rollback | Los Angeles Times

Last week the Environmental Protection Agency and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration unveiled a plan to freeze fuel economy targets nationwide while moving to end California’s power to set its own more stringent standards and invalidate the state’s electric vehicle mandate. “This is just one in a series of steps that the state is taking to make sure it is attacking on every legal front imaginable,” said Ann Carlson, a professor of environmental law at UCLA. (Also: New York Times)

California strikes back against Trump over vehicle air pollution rules | Sacramento Bee

The air board “is trying to protect itself,” said Sean Hecht, an environmental law professor at UCLA. Without this plan, he said, automakers could argue that they’ve complied with California’s regulations by meeting the weaker national standards. “I don’t think it’s symbolic,” Hecht said.

California fire now largest in modern history as Trump and state officials argue over cause | Forbes

According to a U.S. Geological Survey research ecologist and UCLA professor, Jon Keeley, after peaking in 1980, there have been progressively fewer wildfires in California. The trend has been seen globally as well, with the Royal Society in the U.K. reporting in a May 2016 paper that global fire activity has declined over the past decades.

How Mendocino Complex became California’s monster fire | Los Angeles Times

UCLA climate scientist Daniel Swain cited several factors for the destruction in Lake County: explosively flammable vegetation, warm overnight temperatures and the lingering effect of years of drought. “This is a part of the state that I think that overnight temperatures have played an enormous role,” Swain said. “It’s sort of this middle elevation where you’re above the marine layer but you’re not high enough in the mountains to really cool down either. So you’re sort of in this zone where fires can burn, with the increase in temperatures, as we’ve seen, all day and all night.”

Trump-backed Republican holds slim lead in Ohio | CNN

“It’s going to be difficult for the Democrat to make up the margin with the remaining votes,” says UCLA’s Bill Schneider. “The president clearly had an impact. He does stimulate a big Republican turnout.”

New antimicrobials demonstrate ‘good activity’ at long-term acute-care hospitals | Healio

“The population we looked at is important because it’s not the general population, it’s the long-term acute-care hospital population,” Ellie J.C. Goldstein, MD, Infectious Disease News Editorial Board member, clinical professor of medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles School of Medicine, and director of the R.M. Alden Research Laboratory in Santa Monica, California, said in an interview. “Patients in long-term acute-care facilities are considered reservoirs for resistant isolates, so this is a more focused study.”

Bioengineers use magnetic force to manage pain | Medical Xpress

“Much of mainstream modern medicine centers on using pharmaceuticals to make chemical or molecular changes inside the body to treat disease,” said Dino Di Carlo, UCLA professor of bioengineering and the principal investigator of the study. “However, recent breakthroughs in the control of forces at small scales have opened up a new treatment idea — using physical force to kick-start helpful changes inside cells. There’s a long way to go, but this early work shows this path toward so-called ‘mechanoceuticals’ is a promising one.”

Adderall won’t give your brain a boost if you don’t have ADHD | Healthline

John Piacentini, PhD, a clinical child and adolescent psychologist at the Resnick Neuropsychiatric Hospital at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), told Healthline that healthy college students might commonly turn to these medications to cram at the last minute for exams and counter the effects of insufficient or poor sleep. “They (the drugs) can provide extended energy and alertness for work or social activities, including partying, and the ‘high’ feeling associated with enhanced emotional and physiologic arousal,” he explained.

Million-fold increase in the power of waves near Jupiter’s moon Ganymede | Phys.org

“It’s a really surprising and puzzling observation showing that a moon with a magnetic field can create such a tremendous intensification in the power of waves,” says the lead author of the study, Professor Yuri Shprits of GFZ/ University of Potsdam, who is also affiliated with UCLA.

Lower death rate when senior hip fractures are repaired quickly | Reuters Health

Still, there are many institutions where patients may wait longer than 48 hours, especially when hospitals don’t have a dedicated team. “I’ve pushed for this at various hospitals that do hip fractures, said Dr. Erik Zeegen, chief of joint replacement surgery at the University of California, Los Angeles. Zeegen is not affiliated with the new research. “It’s not universally adopted at this point in time, but it should be. The problem is it requires a lot of resources. You’re really talking about money to support all of this.”

Greening vacant lots could reduce depression | Reuters Health

However, previous studies have not been able to prove that natural spaces can improve mental health, commentary coauthor Michael Jerrett told Reuters Health in a phone call. If people choose to be near those spaces, or if wealthier people are more likely to afford being near them, that makes it harder to prove cause and effect. Jerrett, a researcher with the Fielding School of Public Health at the University of California, Los Angeles, says the current study was able to “eliminate, or at least greatly minimize, the chance of the self-selection bias influencing the results, so that you’re getting something that’s starting to approximate what you would get in a randomized, controlled trial.”

Police get rape kits in small percentage of cases | Reuters Health

Most important is educating women about the need to at least come in for medical care, said Gail Abarbanel, director of the Rape Treatment Center at the University of California, Los Angeles Medical Center, Santa Monica. “Even if they don’t have any apparent physical injuries and if they are undecided about a police report, they might have injuries they are not aware of, and there are the issues of sexually transmitted diseases and pregnancy,” said Abarbanel, who is unaffiliated with the new research.

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