UCLA In the News December 12, 2017

UCLA In the News lists selected mentions of UCLA in the world’s news media. See more UCLA In the News.

Depression is a global, silent killer | Zócalo Public Square

Dr. Jonathan Flint, a UCLA behavioral geneticist and expert in the genetic causes of depression, discussed in detail the limitations of scientific insight into what triggers depression and, accordingly, what to do about it. Isolating the possible genetic roots of one person’s depression isn’t as simple as finding a gene for Huntington’s Disease or cystic fibrosis, Flint said. The symptoms of various individuals can be similar, and yet they may be suffering from different forms of depression. Gender also seems to have a part in susceptibility to depression: Flint said that, on average, about 15 to 20 percent of women, and 12 percent of men, would be likely to acknowledge having experienced at least one episode of depression.

The trouble with anonymous feedback | New York Times

Adding a layer of anonymity to the process actually compounds the annual review’s deepest flaws, argues one such critic, Samuel Culbert, professor of management and organizations at the UCLA. Anderson School of Management and the author of “Good People, Bad Managers: How Work Culture Corrupts Good Intentions.” In short, he contends that the review process often masquerades as objective but is by nature profoundly subjective — and shaped more by the day-to-day realities of office politics than anything else.

Different responses to Hollywood’s Silicon Valley threat | Washington Post

“I think Rupert realizes Iger is a good horse to ride,” said George Geis, a professor at UCLA’s Anderson School of Management who specializes in mergers and acquisitions. At the same time, he added that he “wouldn’t be surprised if [James] Rupert could get meaning out of this.”

California’s future in the age of wildfires | NPR’s “On Point”

And our guest Alex Hall, who directs the Center for Climate Science at UCLA, says the conditions in California that are causing these wildfires tracks with predictions that are being made about global warming. “It does seem like the signs of climate change are really emerging in these types of events,” Hall says. “And I do think this is very much the emergence of a changing climate.”

Scientists pioneer new way to analyze ancient artwork | Phys.org

The work was led by Ioanna Kakoulli, professor of materials science and engineering at the UCLA Henry Samueli School of Engineering and Applied Science, and John Delaney, a senior imaging scientist at the National Gallery. “Our approach will revolutionize the way important and irreplaceable archaeological materials are analyzed and interpreted,” said Kakoulli, co-director of UCLA’s Molecular and Nano Archaeology Laboratory and a member of the UCLA/Getty Conservation Program. (Also: Scienmag)

Fact checker: Pelosi’s weapons claim about House GOP | Washington Post

Adam Winkler, a law professor at the University of California in Los Angeles, said this aspect of the legislation “could create a race to the bottom” because it could narrow the laws of slightly more than half the states. “It effectively loosens the rules but does not eliminate them,” he said.

Will San Diego adopt rules legalizing Airbnb rentals? | Los Angeles Times

A study released earlier this year by researchers from USC, UCLA and MIT lends some support to a correlation between short-term rentals and housing prices.

Reasons behind Trump decision to recognize Jerusalem as capital | Deutsche Welle

Steven Spiegel, director of the Center for Middle East Development at the University of California, Los Angeles, agreed that pleasing Trump’s base of Christian and Jewish conservative supporters was a key element in the decision.

Are hospital readmission penalties a good idea? | STAT

That latter finding sparked a public debate between Krumholz and Dr. Gregg Fonarow, a cardiologist at UCLA who was also examining the impacts of the readmissions program. In response to Krumholz’s study, Fonarow and a colleague wrote a letter to JAMA to argue that the 1.3 percent increase was far from a side note — and instead represented “the worst case scenario” effect of the readmission program.

Deep brain waves occur more often during memory formation | Medical Xpress

UCLA neuroscientists are the first to show that rhythmic waves in the brain called theta oscillations happen more often when someone is navigating an unfamiliar environment, and that the more quickly a person moves, the more theta oscillations take place — presumably to process incoming information faster.

New silicon structure opens gate to quantum computers | Phys.org

“This work stands out in a worldwide race to demonstrate the CNOT gate, a fundamental building block for quantum computation, in silicon-based qubits,” said HongWen Jiang, a professor of physics and astronomy at the University of California-Los Angeles. (Also: Health Medicine Network, Scienmag)

Imaging may predict whether epilepsy surgery will work | Medical Xpress

“This may lead us to better understand the brain networks that produce epilepsy and allow for the design of better treatments for those patients who do not have seizure freedom from the current operation,” said Dr. John Stern, a co-author and professor of clinical neurology, director of the epilepsy clinical program and co-director of the Seizure Disorder Center at UCLA. (Also: Scienmag)

How to perk up holidays for hospital patients | HealthDay News

“It’s not uncommon for people to have the blues around the holiday season, and being in the hospital can really intensify those feelings,” the Rev. Karen Schnell said in a news release from the University of California, Los Angeles. She’s director of spiritual care at UCLA Health.

Protein protects against atherosclerosis in mice | Medical Xpress

UCLA scientists have found that a protein known as NOTCH1 helps ward off inflammation in the walls of blood vessels, preventing atherosclerosis — the narrowing and hardening of arteries that can cause heart attacks and strokes. The new finding, from research conducted on mice, also explains why areas of smooth, fast blood flow are less prone to inflammation: levels of NOTCH1 are higher in these vessels.

How to nudge people to give more to charity | Bloomberg

Save More Tomorrow plans, pioneered by UCLA’s Shlomo Benartzi and the University of Chicago’s Richard Thaler, are a response to four findings in behavioral economics. First, people are “loss-averse”; they don’t like to lose what they currently have. Second, people tend to procrastinate. They want to save money — later.

Products could be damaging fertility | Reader’s Digest

The scare started a few years ago when researchers at the UCLA School of Public Health discovered that perfluorinated chemicals (PFCs) — chemicals that are widely used in everyday items such as food packaging, pesticides, clothing, upholstery, carpets and personal care products — may be associated with infertility in women.

Temptation? Could it be Satan — and God? | Los Angeles Times

(Commentary written by UCLA’s Henry Ansgar Kelly) We can see something of the same in the New Testament. After Jesus is baptized, the Spirit drives him into the desert where he is tempted by Satan. Paul prays three times to be delivered from the “angel of Satan,” but God replies that his grace is enough for him. It serves a good purpose, to keep him from pride.

Should America have a private spying agency? | Newsweek

(Commentary written by UCLA’s Jon Michaels) Even in this year of never-ending political surprises, can this proposal be taken seriously? Or, is this another, more forceful ploy to unnerve and delegitimize a federal bureaucracy whose members have questioned and challenged quite a few of the President’s policy initiatives?

AI decodes nuances of chicken ‘speech’ | Scientific American

Between the 1950s and 1980s ornithologists Nicholas and Elsie Collias of the University of California, Los Angeles, catalogued more than 24 distinct chicken calls and their probable meanings, based on careful observation.

Sleep imperative for health | KCBS-TV’s “The Talk”

According to a recent study from UCLA, sleep deprivation can disrupt brain cells and limit their ability to communicate with each other. The result? People who aren’t getting enough sleep can feel spaced out and forgetful.

Native fish species at risk after water removal from river | Phys.org

Workers from UCLA examined species of silverside fish in a genus that only occurs in the Gulf of California. One species, Colpichthys hubbsi, lives exclusively in the Delta and is listed as endangered due to its restricted range. 

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