UCLA In the News December 19, 2018

UCLA In the News lists selected mentions of UCLA in the world’s news media. See more UCLA In the News.

Research confirms political views predict whether people trust false information about dangers, even after party shift | Phys.org

The new study, published today in PLOS One, upheld those findings, even with Republicans now controlling the White House and both houses of Congress. “Our research supports the idea that there are features of personality that shape a person’s political orientation, and we think those features are fairly stable, even in the face of dramatic power changes,” said Theo Samore, a UCLA anthropology graduate student and the study’s lead author.… Daniel Fessler is a UCLA anthropology professor who led the 2015 study and was part of the team that conducted the 2018 research. “If the power-structure theory explained our earlier results, we would expect to see that, after President Trump was elected, liberal respondents would have a stronger likelihood to believe false information about threats,” he said. “But, even though the political power situation changed dramatically, our recent results are very similar to our previous findings.” (Also: Diverse Issues in Higher Education, Imperial Valley News)

Artificial intelligence networks generate super-resolution from basic microscopy | The Scientist

Using a type of artificial intelligence, scientists have turned lower-resolution micrographs of cells into high-quality images of the sort typically achieved using super-resolution technologies. The approach, published in Nature Methods, could put super-resolution microscopy in the hands of a far greater number of labs, by making it possible to achieve such high-quality images from standard benchtop microscopes, coauthor Aydogan Ozcan of the University of California, Los Angeles tells The Scientist. “[Super-resolution approaches] are really limited to resource-rich environments in terms of both equipment and expertise. Now, through AI, we’re changing the game.”

Use of video technology surges in immigration courts | Gothamist

An academic who has studied VTC also worries about its growing use in the immigration courts. “I think this is important because the use of video really separates the respondent,” said UCLA law professor Ingrid Eagly, referring to the term for an immigrant who appears in court. Eagly’s research found judges are awkward with the format and immigrants who had their hearings by video were more likely to be deported. She noted that these were primarily immigrants in detention who had trouble finding lawyers.

Sugar can keep good microbes from colonizing your gut | Nova

“Based on this study alone, I wouldn’t give up fructose and glucose,” says Hannah Wexler, who studies bacteria in the Bacteroides group at the University of California, Los Angeles, but was not involved in the study. “But you have to look at the big picture [of sugar]. So, based on everything we know, it’s a maybe.”

Democrats want universal background checks on guns | The Atlantic

The legislation isn’t likely to become law. It will be a bit like Republican House efforts to repeal the Affordable Care Act back in 2017, said Adam Winkler, a constitutional-law professor at UCLA: a symbolic gesture that never becomes the law of the land, but that nonetheless serves a political purpose…. Background checks “are designed to prevent criminals and the mentally ill from getting their hands on guns,” said Winkler. “How they do that is by looking at adjudications.” In other words, if someone hasn’t been convicted of a felony or confirmed to have a mental illness, they’d still pass a background check.

The legal, practical and political implications of the Texas ACA decision | KPCC-FM’s “AirTalk”

“It’s a little unclear what the legal principles were, because this was such a … wacky decision. There were a couple legal aspects of it that were pretty troubling. First, the judge wasn’t asked to make the sweeping decision that he made. He was asked to issue an injunction, so that the issues could be fully briefed,” said UCLA’s Jill Horwitz. (Approx. 1:12 mark)

Best friends really do share brain waves, scientists say | Inverse

Human social networks, the Dartmouth College and the University of California, Los Angeles co-authors write, are “overwhelmingly homophilous.” In other words, people usually end up friending people who share both physical attributes (like age and gender) and life experiences. It’s previously been assumed that like-minded social groups evolved to become the norm because small hunter-gatherer bands needed similarities, not differences, to unite them together during hard times…. “Neural responses to dynamic, naturalistic stimuli, like videos, can give us a window into people’s unconstrained, spontaneous thought processes as they unfold,” lead author and UCLA psychology professor Carolyn Parkinson explained. “Our results suggest that friends process the world around them in exceptionally similar ways.”

Technology changes outlook for spinal cord injury recovery | U.S. News & World Report

A founding pioneer of modern day spinal cord research, [UCLA’s] Dr. Reggie Edgerton, along with researchers from the Mayo Clinic and UCLA, unveiled new research in the scientific journal Nature Medicine. Through the application of epidural stimulation in combination with task-specific training, a young man living with chronic complete paraplegia recovered the ability to step over ground while using a front-wheeled walker with trainers providing only sporadic assistance. Additionally, he was able to take bilateral steps on a treadmill. Not only is this discovery unprecedented, it was deemed impossible only a few years ago by many prominent leaders in the field.

Will underground tunnels solve congestion problems? | Marketplace

“It’s hard to pinpoint an example of an engineering solution that has done something to actually reduce traffic congestion,” said UCLA’s Juan Matute. (Approx. 1:52 mark – audio download)

LGB adults half as likely to have guns than heterosexuals | South Florida Gay News

An estimated 18.8 percent of lesbian, gay, and bisexual adults in the United States say they have guns in their home compared to 35.1 percent of heterosexuals, according to a recently released study by the Williams Institute, an LGBT think tank associated with the UCLA School of Law… “Gun violence is a major public concern, and violence against LGBT people is all too common,” said the study’s co-author Adam P. Romero, director of Legal Scholarship and Federal Policy at the Williams Institute.

How your BRCA status may impact your ovarian cancer treatment | Self

Having a BRCA mutation raises your risk for several types of cancer, especially ovarian cancer, Self explained previously. That, plus the fact that ovarian cancer is so rare, means that it’s a good idea — and in fact usually recommended — for anyone who’s been diagnosed with ovarian cancer to undergo genetic testing, Sanaz Memarzadeh, M.D., Ph.D., professor and gynecologic cancer surgeon in the department of obstetrics and gynecology at UCLA Ronald Reagan Hospital, tells Self.

Are ADHD and autism inherited? | Healthline

Dr. Rolanda Gott, a developmental-behavioral pediatrician at the University of California Los Angeles Mattel Children’s Hospital, isn’t surprised by the findings of Miller’s study. “ADHD and ASD may be different manifestation of the same overarching disorder that may manifest differently in multiple family members. Many genes affect multiple brain functions and it is more common that we see both ASD and ADHD than ASD alone,” Gott told Healthline.

World’s top 50 universities for medicine and health science degrees, 2019 | CEOWorld magazine

The ranking compares the top medicine and health science programs in the world…. Yale University took the No. 11 spot, followed by the University of California, Los Angeles (No. 12) and the University of Toronto (No. 13).

In oversight role, House Democrats aim for both check and balance | Roll Call

Joel Aberbach, a political science professor at the University of California, Los Angeles, who studies congressional oversight, said it would be advisable for Democrats “to pick things that don’t get stymied right away by total obfuscation or refusal to cooperate.” “They have to pick their targets carefully,” Aberbach said.

3 in 4 Americans struggle with loneliness | HealthDay

For this study, Jeste and his colleagues surveyed 340 average adults, aged 27 to 101, living in San Diego. Each person's loneliness was measured using several different measures, including a 20-point loneliness scale developed at the University of California, Los Angeles. About 76 percent of people showed serious signs of loneliness based on results from the UCLA questionnaire, with 54 percent gauged as moderately lonely and 22 percent ranked as highly lonely.

UCLA alumni deliver hundreds of teddy bears to children fighting cancer | Downey Patriot

UCLA alumni delivered hundreds of teddy bears to children undergoing cancer treatment at UCLA’s Mattel Children’s Hospital on Monday. This is the sixth year that the UCLA Alumni Los Angeles Southeast Network (“Southeast Bruins”) team up with recent UCLA alumna Alexandra Munoz and her mom, Sylvia Munoz, who is also a UCLA alumna.

Let these new high cholesterol guidelines be your guide | Medical Health News

Clinical cardiologist Tamer Sallam, M.D., is frequently consulted about cholesterol problems. He is an assistant professor of medicine at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA and a clinical cardiologist at Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center, and he reflects on the new directives. “The idea that providers should emphasize healthy lifestyle choices is not necessarily new but what is strongly highlighted in the new guideline is that we need to engage patients early and throughout their lifespan,” Dr. Sallam says. “Heart disease can progress in the second or third decade of life so it makes sense that we need to stress heart-healthy habits and assess risk factors for all young adults starting at the age of 20.”

Morning sickness pill study finds small link to increased risk of clefts | CNN

Marlena Fejzo, a faculty researcher at the University of California, Los Angeles’ David Geffen School of Medicine, called the new study “reassuring.” “It would be helpful in the future to determine exactly which week of first trimester exposure is associated with the increase in risk of oral clefts. Then patients could avoid exposure specifically during that time,” said Fejzo, who was not involved in the study but has conducted separate research on ondansetron in pregnancy and adverse outcomes.

Santa Maria ethnic and gender studies high school students visit UCLA | On the 101

The group also toured UCLA and attended a presentation by the Spanish Department in conjunction with the LA Escena theater group. The panel shared about the university’s Diversifying the Classics Project, which is dedicated to promoting diversity in the theater by introducing directors, actors and audiences to the extensive canon of early modern Hispanic drama produced both in Spain and Latin America. Their mission is to translate the classics into English and create publications, educational initiatives and ongoing partnerships with theater companies.

Decade’s eight best young economists | The Economist

In those days, empirical work enjoyed less prestige. As Edward Leamer of the University of California, Los Angeles, noted earlier in the 1980s, “Hardly anyone takes data analyses seriously. Or perhaps more accurately, hardly anyone takes anyone else’s data analyses seriously.” It was easy for economists to proclaim a seemingly significant finding if they tweaked their statistical tests enough.

Bill tries to streamline affordable housing construction | Santa Monica Daily Press

“Article 34 is a grossly exclusionary law and its repeal is long overdue,” said Michael Lens, a UCLA urban planning professor. “I do not see the least bit of downside with getting rid of it.”

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