UCLA In the News February 29, 2016

Marital pay gap shrinks, class divide grows | The New York Times’ “Upshot”

It was common in the early 20th century, dipped in the middle of the century and has sharply risen in recent years — a pattern that roughly mirrors income inequality in the United States, according to research by Robert Mare, a sociologist at the University of California, Los Angeles. People are now more likely to marry people with similar educational attainment — even after controlling for differences between men and women, like the fact that women were once less likely to attend college.

DNA evidence isn’t a sure thing | New York Times

“Maybe there’s not three people bleeding on a steering wheel, but there are three people touching it,” said Kirk E. Lohmueller, a geneticist at UCLA. “Before, you didn’t have to worry about that.”

Dearth of Latinos in portrayals of L.A. | Los Angeles Times

Chon Noriega, a professor in the UCLA department of film, television and digital media, points to the 1991 film “Grand Canyon,” which was set in L.A. and dealt with issues of race and class but had no Latino standouts. It was as if “only whites and African Americans have a subconscious, only they dream,” he said. “It just doesn’t look like L.A. Where did the other half of the city go?” (Also: KPCC-FM’s “Take Two“)

Hollywood’s lack of diversity affects its bottom line | PBS Newshour

“In our study, we find that, on every front, people of color and women are underrepresented, behind the camera, in front of the camera. And yet we also see, from audience consumption patterns, that people of color, diverse audiences, crave diverse content,” said UCLA’s Darnell Hunt. “So we have a situation where the people who are running the industry, and largely white males, aren’t in a position to make the types of projects that people want.” (Also: Associated Press, USA Today, Newsweek, Chicago’s WBEZ-FM and Christian Science Monitor)

BMI is a poor measure of health | FiveThirtyEight

A study by researchers at UCLA published this month in the International Journal of Obesity looked at 40,420 adults in the most recent U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey…. It found that 47 percent of people classified as overweight by BMI and 29 percent of those who qualified as obese were healthy as measured by at least five of those other metrics.

Treating PTSD with an electric brain stimulation patch | Reuters

“What we decided to do was look at a novel kind of treatment for PTSD: a kind of brain stimulation, or neuromodulation treatment called trigeminal nerve stimulation, or TNS,” said UCLA’s Dr. Andrew Leuchter. “What we found is that if we use this treatments in patients that are already getting the best treatments available that we can help them get even more gains.”

Apple prepares for legal fight against the government | Christian Science Monitor

Yet Apple’s move to bring on this team of heavy-hitters “shows they’ve lawyered up for the long haul,” said Kristen Eichensehr, an assistant law professor at UCLA. “They’re quite possibly going to litigate this all the way up to the Supreme Court…. They’ve built a team that serves both the technology side and the appellate side.”

Mobile homes more likely to experience water outages | Marketplace

A researcher named Silvia Gonzalez, a Ph.D student in urban planning and former assistant director of the school’s Center for the Study of Inequality at UCLA, noticed the trend. “I was running the data, and I kept seeing that mobile homes kept popping up and popping up as having multiple violations, so I was really intrigued,” she said…. They found mobile home park residents are more than three times as likely as others to experience at least one water outage a year, even when you control for factors like race and income.

Mapping Byzantine churches through sound | CBC Radio’s “Spark”

Sharon Gerstel is a Professor of Byzantine Art History and Archeology at UCLA. She spent years studying the art and ritual of churches from the 12th to 15th centuries…. “The Byzantines described the effect of the mingling of angelic and human voices,” Gerstel told us. “So I kept joking, ‘are we really recording what the angels sound like?’ and I’m not kidding when I say it’s almost exactly what it sounded like.”

Climate change brings new species to Southern California | KCBS-FM

“That raises questions […] about what might happen if climate change causes the warm water conditions that we have right now to become more frequent,” said UCLA’s Brad Shaffer. “Should we be expecting more, especially more of the tropical [species], to be able to survive and thrive and get established in Southern California because of climate change.”[audio download]

Those who oppose same-sex marriage worry promiscuity threatens their way of life | Phys.org

“Many people who oppose same-sex marriage are uncomfortable with casual sex and feel threatened by sexual promiscuity,” said David Pinsof, a UCLA graduate student of psychology and lead author of the study. Such people often marry at a younger age, have more children and believe in traditional gender roles in which men are the breadwinners and women are housewives. “Sexual promiscuity may be threatening to these people because it provides more temptations for spouses to cheat on one another,” Pinsof said. (Also: Red Orbit)

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