UCLA In the News January 10, 2019

UCLA In the News lists selected mentions of UCLA in the world’s news media. See more UCLA In the News.

Google will take over the Westside Pavilion Mall | KCBS-TV

“What we’ve seen with the arrival of these companies in Venice, in Playa Del Mar and in other areas on the far west side is really a transformation, demographically and economically, of those areas,” said UCLA’s Sarah Roberts. “There are longstanding communities in place in those areas: particularly communities of color in L.A., particularly working-class communities in some pockets of those areas, that cannot withstand that changing demographic and the increases in property and rent that come with it.”

UCLA dean helps to dispel myths about immigration and the border | MPR

Are President Trump’s numbers about crimes by undocumented immigrants generally correct? “No, they aren’t,” says UCLA’s Marcelo Suarez-Orozco. “Immigrants are arriving in our country today, like they did 150 years ago when the Swedes settled in Minnesota, are not here to commit crimes.... Studies by the national research council — this is a nonpartisan research arm of the U.S. Congress — concluded recently that overall immigrants are less likely to commit crime.... This is true both of legal immigrants as well as those immigrants who have no papers.”

U.S. Border Patrol Museum opens a world on the evolving agency | Associated Press

Kelly Lytle Hernandez, a University of California, Los Angeles history professor and author of “Migra!: A History of the U.S. Border Patrol” (University of California Press, 2010), says that initially there were no restrictions on Mexican immigration because U.S. agricultural growers wanted a steady stream of workers. That, of course, would change.

What if we paid people to donate their kidneys to strangers? | Washington Post Opinion

[Gabriel] Danovitch, medical director of the Kidney and Pancreas Transplant Program at the Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center, believes more should be done to make organ donation financially neutral, compensating donors only for matters such as travel and lost wages. But he adamantly opposes letting donors profit from the transaction, because it would mean exploiting the desperate. Letting people sell a kidney, he told me, would be not only ethically but also medically irresponsible. Desperate people would be tempted to lie about their medical history to qualify as a donor.

Teacher strike delayed in second-largest U.S. school district | Associated Press

Both sides say they don’t want a strike, but John Rogers, a professor of education at the University of California, Los Angeles, said one seems inevitable. “I would be surprised if a strike doesn’t come about, because I think each side has a real interest in demonstrating the dominance of their positions,” Rogers said. (Also: Fox 11)

Asian-Australian actors, overlooked at home, flourish in Hollywood | New York Times

According to a 2018 study by the University of California, Los Angeles, the top-grossing global films increasingly have casts that, while majority white, are increasingly diverse. “Films with casts that were from 21 percent to 30 percent minority enjoyed the highest median global box office receipts and the highest median return on investment,” the study said.

For drug companies, making shareholders happy is more important than treating the sick | Los Angeles Times Opinion

William Comanor, a professor of health policy and management at UCLA, observed that big drug companies rely on smaller firms to do the heavy lifting on research and development. When the little guys come up with something, they get bought out. “There are no simplistic answers here,” he said.

Democrats want to invest in border security, not the wall: analyst on Trump’s message to the nation | Univision

Raúl Hinojosa, also a teacher at UCLA, made reference to what the president said on Tuesday about the closure of the government and his request for funds for the construction of the wall on the border with Mexico. In addition, he affirmed that the humanitarian crisis on the border was created by the president and his immigration policies. “The border area is one of the safest areas in the entire country. Look, the problem here is that he has created this myth with his base that more and more our studies indicate, the people who support Donald Trump do not know immigrants,” Hinojosa said. (Translated from Spanish)

Entrepreneur fails at retirement, turns to high-tech | San Diego Union-Tribune

Thermal Storage Systems Inc., a small but innovative high-tech company in Ramona, is gaining traction with the U.S. Army and UCLA researchers during its process of developing solar storage technology…. Spero is also working with a postdoctoral student and two graduate students from UCLA who are working on a different method of storing energy. Spero said Thermal Storage Systems has agreed to help UCLA test its device by providing the solar energy needed to run their tests.

America needs more walls — for houses, not barriers | The Atlantic Opinion

In California, the share of foreign-born workers in construction rose from 13 percent in 1980 to more than 40 percent today, According to a UCLA analysis. The construction trades with the highest labor shortages—brickmasons, roofers, and drywall installers — also tend to have the highest concentration of immigrant workers.

UCLA to celebrate Jackie Robinson’s 100th birthday with jazz concert | Los Angeles Times

Days after what would have been his 100th birthday, UCLA’s Royce Hall will host a jazz concert Feb. 5…. Robinson, who attended UCLA, would have turned 100 on Jan. 31. The campus is slated to hold several additional events in Robinson’s honor that week, including a service project and a panel discussion on athletes, social justice and activism.

Newsom’s got an idea even Trump likes; will it lower California’s drug prices? | CALmatters

Gerald Kominski, senior fellow at the UCLA Center for Health Policy, lauded the idea of using market power to obtain the lowest prices possible, but predicted that drug makers would unleash a campaign against it inside and outside of California. “They will start running ads that are going to scare people — that if you are on Medi-Cal you are no longer going to get this drug or this drug,” he said. “There will be dark music and maybe a doctor in the scene shaking their head no saying you are no longer eligible for this or for that.”

How U.S. companies won civil rights | Philadelphia Inquirer

(Q&A with UCLA’s Adam Winkler) “In recent years, the Supreme Court has ruled that business corporations have rights of free speech and religious liberty, and I sought to find out, how did corporations win our most fundamental rights? In school, we learn about civil rights, women’s rights, state’s rights — but never corporate rights. I was shocked to discover, when I looked into the history, that like women and minorities, corporations have been fighting since America’s earliest days to win equal rights under the Constitution, and they use those rights to fight off regulation,” Winkler said.

Six vaccines you should definitely get as an adult | HuffPost

The HPV vaccine reduces the risk of contracting the human papillomavirus and subsequently lowers an individual’s chances of having cervical cancer or genital warts, said Nathan Samras, an assistant professor at the David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles, and a primary care physician at UCLA Health Beverly Hills Primary Care…. “The HPV vaccine is one of the great success stories in reducing cancer,” Samras said. “Cervical cancer was one of the common causes of cancer in women, and those rates have plummeted with health interventions, including regular pap smears and other screenings, but also the HPV vaccine because this virus is one of the causes of cervical cancer.”

A group of scientists manages to define what ‘being dead’ really means | La Voz

Alan Shewmon, professor emeritus of pediatrics and neurology at the David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California at Los Angeles, discusses several cases in which the bodies of patients declared brain dead did not “disintegrate,” but they were maintained by mechanical ventilation and tube feeding. (Translated from Spanish)

Minority Ph.D. students in STEM fare better with clear expectations, acceptance | Phys.org

Researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, UCLA, Stanford and the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) sought to understand how gender, race and ethnicity impact graduate students' success in math, physical sciences, computer sciences and engineering as measured by publication rates in academic journals. The findings, published today in the journal PLOS One, suggest that doctoral scholars in STEM fields are more likely to publish if enrolled in well-structured graduate programs that lay out clear, unbiased expectations for assessing students and supporting their careers.

The health benefits of tai chi | Medical Daily

Read up about it and you will often find people use “meditation in motion” to describe tai chi. The ancient Chinese tradition, involving deep breathing and slow movements, can be beneficial for both the body and the mind in the most surprising ways. “We’ve seen improved immunity to viruses and improved vaccine response among people who practiced tai chi,” said Dr. Michael Irwin, a professor of behavioral sciences at the University of California, Los Angeles…. “Even with yoga, you can do it and have your mind be somewhere else,” Irwin explained. “It’s very hard to do tai chi and not be present.”

Can artificial intelligence tell a teapot from a golf ball? | Science Daily

“The machines have severe limitations that we need to understand,” said Philip Kellman, a UCLA distinguished professor of psychology and a senior author of the study. “We’re saying, ‘Wait, not so fast.’” (UCLA’s Hongjing Lu also quoted)

U.S. fast food chains offering more healthy options for kids | Reuters

Healthier sides and drinks were added to U.S. fast-food restaurant kids’ menus in the past decade, but healthy combinations are still rarely offered as the default option, researchers say. “For a lot of families, eating out is a regular option for meals, rather than an occasional treat,” said lead author Megan Mueller, a researcher at the UCLA Fielding School of Public Health in Los Angeles. Children consume about 150 extra calories on days when they eat out, and healthier sides and drink choices could counteract that, she added.

Artificial intelligence and bias: Four key challenges | Brookings

(Commentary written by UCLA’s John Villasenor) It is not news that, for all its promised benefits, artificial intelligence has a bias problem. Concerns regarding racial or gender bias in AI have arisen in applications as varied as hiring, policing, judicial sentencing, and financial services. If this extraordinary technology is going to reach its full potential, addressing bias will need to be a top priority. With that in mind, here are four key challenges that AI developers, users, and policymakers can keep in mind as we work to create a healthy AI ecosystem.

L.A. teachers set to strike | KCRW-FM’s “Press Play”

“If you listen to the district, they are running out of funds and they are faced with a structural deficit. And the county has said the same thing, and threatened that they will take them over if they don’t get their finances in order,” said UCLA’s Pedro Noguera.

What to know about cataracts and cataract surgery | AARP

“It’s like a piece of clear plastic becomes yellowed and discolored,” says John Bartlett, an ophthalmologist and eye surgeon at UCLA Stein Eye Institute in Los Angeles. “As new layers are added, it becomes denser and harder.”

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