UCLA In the News June 5, 2017

UCLA In the News lists selected mentions of UCLA in the world’s news media. See more UCLA In the News.

How a Galápagos bird lost the ability to fly | New York Times

Alejandro Burga, who analyzed the DNA of these and other cormorants with his colleagues, is a researcher in the lab of Leonid Kruglyak, the chairman of human genetics at UCLA’s medical school. He said he and Dr. Kruglyak were discussing how they might use the increasing power of modern genetics to investigate how new species develop. “We have very little idea how these things happen in nature,” he said. (Also: The Atlantic, Agence-France Presse, Popular Science, Phys.org, Health Medicine Network)

Fruit flies and mice to get new home on Space Station | New York Times

For long space missions, like a trip to Mars, “we can’t have our astronauts breaking a hip or something,” said Dr. Chia Soo, a medical researcher at the University of California, Los Angeles, who is the principal investigator on the experiment, during a news conference last month highlighting some of the science headed to the space station. “Preserving bone mass is a critical component of long-term space exploration.” (Also: PBS Newshour, United Press International, Medical Xpress, KNBC-TV, Daily Breeze)

Safer tortoise digs put damper on their love lives | Smithsonian Magazine

Brad Shaffer, a distinguished professor in the department of ecology and evolutionary biology and the Institute of Environment and Sustainability, as well as director of the La Kretz Center for California Science at University of California, Los Angeles, says he thinks the results were both interesting and important, in part because it serves as a reminder that simply transporting animals from one place to another isn’t enough. “It’s relatively easy to build momentum and get the work done to move them. But there’s often less incentive for the long-term monitoring,” he says.

Can China take the lead on climate change? | New York Times

Alex Wang, a law professor at the University of California, Los Angeles, who studies Chinese environmental regulation, said that while Chinese leaders remained committed to the Paris agreement, “the headwinds on implementation of climate goals remain strong. Coal still accounts for 62 percent of China’s energy consumption,” Professor Wang said. (Also: VOX)

Popular people live longer | New York Times

George Slavich and Steve Cole, experts in the field of human social genomics at the University of California, Los Angeles, have described our genomic material as being exquisitely “sensitive to social rejection.” They study what happens immediately after we’ve been left by a romantic partner, excluded from a social event, rejected by a stranger or even simply told that we may be judged by others we care about. Within 40 minutes, they and other researchers have found, these experiences affect the expression of individual genes.

Ad campaigns tag along as men embrace other paths | New York Times

This updated portrayal of masculinity by some brands is reminiscent of “femvertising” from roughly a decade ago, said Juliet Williams, a gender studies professor at the University of California, Los Angeles. Advertising aimed at women then featured “the opportunistic appropriation of mainstream feminism,” she said. And while these brands are heading in the right direction with how they portray men, Ms. Williams said, advertising still tends to stick to clichés.

The new ecology of old-movie scene in L.A. | Los Angeles Times

A recent UCLA series on female filmmakers of the ’70s and ’80s included Joan Micklin Silver’s “Hester Street” and Joyce Chopra’s “Smooth Talk.” As UCLA programmer Paul Malcolm puts it, “A canon is great, but it constantly needs to be knocked down, revised and revisited.”

When did ‘neoliberal’ become a negative term? | Los Angeles Times

A joint UCLA-Columbia University study found that ending free trade agreements, on average, would cause the poorest 10% of consumers across 40 countries to lose 63% of their purchasing power.

Can off-hours political activism get you in trouble? | Washington Post

[UCLA’s] Eugene Volokh, a law professor and free speech expert who also writes as a contributor for The Washington Post, says it’s “fair to say there are about a dozen states in which there is considerable protection for employees, at least off-duty, and maybe sometimes on duty, for political and ideological expression and activism.”

Which to treat: cancer or heart problems? | Wall Street Journal

Rae Harris, a nurse in Santa Barbara, Calif., developed Hodgkin’s lymphoma, a cancer of the lymph-node system, in the late ’70s when she was 26. She was treated aggressively with radiation and had more radiation along with chemotherapy after she relapsed…. Her cardiologist, Megha Agarwal, at UCLA Health Specialty Practice in Ventura, Calif., says Ms. Harris’s heart problems are the result of the radiation she received nearly 40 years ago. That radiation caused scar tissue to form over the heart valves, making them rigid and no longer functioning adequately. She wishes that a cardiologist had monitored Ms. Harris through the years. (Subscription required)

Mercury could destroy the entire solar system | The Atlantic

That’s where the water ice hides, covered in dark splotches that scientists like David Paige at the University of California, Los Angeles haven’t confirmed, but have reason to believe, is carbon.

Traditional medicine a step to understanding Chinese culture | Xinhua

Virender Rehan, a professor specializing in pediatrics at the University of California, Los Angeles, has been studying the effectiveness of acupuncture in mitigating the damage to newly born babies whose mothers have been exposed to nicotine during pregnancy. The babies might otherwise be born with pre-existing lung malfunctions. The result, he said, was that active acupuncture intervention to pregnant women was an effective strategy to prevent such damage throughout the antenatal, natal and postnatal periods.

Fact-checking Trump’s speech on Paris climate pact | USA Today

We also asked James Salzman, a professor of environmental law at the UCLA School of Law and at UC Santa Barbara, if it is true that the U.S. would be exposed to “massive legal liability” if it remained in the Paris Agreement. “No. It is not true,” Salzman told us in an email. “There is no liability mechanism under the Paris Agreement. There was language in the agreement about loss and damage from climate change but the accompanying decision text stated clearly that this does not provide a basis of liability and compensation for claims. Ironically, this text had been added to address U.S. concerns.”

States step into void left by exit from Paris accord | PBS Newshour

“It helps that California has managed to reduce its emissions while growing its economy,” Cara Horowitz, the co-executive director of the Emmett Institute on Climate Change and the Environment at UCLA, wrote in an email. “That’s a lesson others are eager to learn from.”

Former ‘climate bad boy’ China may benefit as U.S. leaves deal | CNBC

“If U.S. policy shifts in favor of fossil fuels as opposed to renewable ones, in the long run China will gain the upper hand in the inevitable global move toward cleaner sources of energy,” said Ann Carlson, professor of environmental law at the University of California, Los Angeles. “The withdrawal of the U.S. from the global community opens up more opportunities for China.”

Bill to increase affordable lodging on state’s coast advances | KPCC-FM

A recent UCLA study found high demand for visiting the coast among all Californians. But three out of four people surveyed for the study said the lack of affordable lodging was a barrier. “The cost of staying overnight at the coast is really out of reach for most Californians, especially those who live inland,” said study author Jon Christensen. He called AB250 “a serious attempt to begin to address that challenge.”

Vandenberg missile interceptor called ‘very advanced’ | FOX News

“Sufficiently sophisticated. And that’s a great question to ask because we have two different types of missiles when we talk about that recent launch where we were intercepting our own missile,” said UCLA’s Richard Wirz. (Approx. 00:23 mark)

Studies show reality of trans people’s health challenges | The Advocate

Trans people have a higher prevalence of poor general health than the cisgender population, report more days per month of poor physical or mental health, and are less likely to have health insurance, a health care provider, or dental care, according to a study by the Williams Institute at the University of California, Los Angeles, School of Law.

Why was a teen with bone cancer buried on Panama hill? | Science Daily

A large town site nearby, Sitio Drago near Boca del Drago on Isla Colón, excavated by UCLA archaeologist Tom Wake was occupied from roughly 600 AD until 1410 AD.

How hot were the oceans when life first evolved? | Live Science

“We need a better understanding of not only how life first evolved on Earth, but how life and the Earth’s environment co-evolved over billions of years of geological history,” said lead author Amanda Garcia, a paleogeobiologist at the University of California, Los Angeles. “A similar co-evolution seems certain to be the case for any life elsewhere in the Universe.”

Autism in motion | Spectrum News

“What this group has done is remarkable,” says Shafali Jeste, associate professor of psychiatry and neurology at the University of California, Los Angeles. “Many of us see that children with autism have motor impairments, but it has remained a clinical observation; they’re taking that clinical observation and turning into something measurable and quantifiable.”

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