UCLA In the News lists selected mentions of UCLA in the world’s news media. See more UCLA In the News.

Why mammals need R.E.M. sleep | New York Times

While they swim, fur seals switch off R.E.M. sleep entirely. It returns when they come back to land — a pattern never seen before. Jerome M. Siegel, a sleep expert at the University of California, Los Angeles, and a co-author of the new study published Thursday in Current Biology, said that the seals provide evidence that our brains switch to R.E.M. sleep from time to time to generate heat in our skulls. “R.E.M. sleep is like shivering for the brain,” he said. (UCLA’s Oleg Lyamin was also cited. Also: Nature)

Paul Boyer, Nobel winner who decoded enzyme that powers life, dies | New York Times

A professor emeritus at the University of California, Los Angeles, where he taught chemistry and conducted research for more than 50 years, Dr. Boyer devoted his career to the study of enzymes, those mysterious proteins that power biochemical processes in the cells of plants and animals. (Also: Los Angeles Times)

Honolulu lawmakers agree to cap surge pricing for Uber and Lyft | Los Angeles Times

The elastic pricing model allows Uber and Lyft to expand their driver fleet at times of high demand, giving them an advantage over traditional taxicabs, which have limited supply. A recent UCLA survey of Uber and Lyft drivers found that 38% of respondents said surge pricing was a key motivator in driving for the services during busy times.

Astronomers track bizarre objects near Milky Way’s central black hole | Forbes

Dubbed ‘G-objects,’ the latest infrared target sources associated with these objects were announced by UCLA postdoctoral scholar Anna Ciurlo at today’s American Astronomical Society Meeting in Denver. Ciurlo led a team of researchers that analyzed 12 years of data taken from the W.M. Keck Observatory on Maunakea, Hawaii.… The Keck Observatory notes that astronomers think that these G-objects are the result of binary star mergers triggered by the gravitational influence of the giant black hole…. “In the aftermath of such a merger, the resulting single object would be “puffed up,” or distended, for a rather long period of time, perhaps a million years,” Mark Morris, a co-principal investigator and fellow member of UCLA’s Galactic Center Orbits Initiative (GCOI), said in a statement.

How ‘conversion therapy’ survivor became driving force behind Canada’s ban | PBS NewsHour

In the U.S., an estimated 20,000 youth will undergo conversion therapy from a licensed health care professional before the age of 18, according to a new Williams Institute study at UCLA School of Law. What’s more, 68 percent of the LGBT population live in a state with no law banning the therapy for minors.

When the neurologist really knows how patients feel | New York Times Opinion

(Commentary written by UCLA’s Lauren Waldron) Thankfully, child neurologists often fall short as prognosticators. Between the plasticity of a child’s brain and the power of play, the potential of pediatric patients depends on so much more than what doctors measure or observe during a clinic visit. I was lucky to have parents who encouraged me to climb trees rather than be limited by my disability. Sports, video games, music, friends, bedtime stories, drawing, climbing trees, going sledding, playing with dolls, building with blocks, rough housing with siblings, participating in childhood in whatever way possible, builds synapses and confidence. These in turn make a child both able and willing to do more, driving their recovery ever forward.

Why male mentors in #MeToo era must ‘engage more, not run for the hills’ | Chronicle of Higher Education

If men, who dominate the senior positions in many academic departments, shy away from mentoring women, those women will miss out on opportunities to enrich their studies or advance their careers, says Kim M. Elsesser, a research scholar at the Center for the Study of Women at the University of California at Los Angeles. “Even before the whole #MeToo movement brought such heightened awareness to the issue, many male professors were reluctant to meet alone with a female student, particularly in the evening, or have a student of the opposite sex join them for lunch or coffee or anything that could be misconstrued,” says Elsesser.

State gas tax turns into political football | KCRW-FM’s “Press Play”

“The effect of an increase is dependent upon the total price of motor fuel and that depends more upon the price at the refinery and the cost of extracting the oil from the ground. So when the wholesale price per barrel goes down, this is a higher proportion of the total, and when the price goes up, it’s a smaller proportion. So it varies from time to time,” said UCLA’s Martin Wachs. (Approx. 01:42 mark)

UCLA program aims to grant patients’ wishes at the end of life | Modern Healthcare

A script of what the clinicians can say to the patients and families was created by Dr. Thanh Neville, a UCLA critical-care physician who leads the program along with her colleague Dr. Peter Phung, a palliative-care physician. The clinicians tell patients and families the project is a way to honor the patients’ life. They then ask what UCLA can do to make the experience easier. If the patient is no longer conscious, family members are asked how they want to honor their loved ones. Sometimes nurses will even bring up the project to the patient and suggest wishes for them. “A lot of the conversations get initiated by the ICU bed nurse. They know the patient well,” Neville said.

Pride in Pictures 1990: Our furry family members | LGBTQ Nation

The UCLA School of Public Health confirmed how AIDS patients benefited from their pets in a 1999 study. “Pet ownership among men who have AIDS provides a certain level of companionship that helps them cope better with the stresses of their lives,” said psychologist Judith Siegel, a UCLA professor of public health and lead author of the report. “This is one more study that demonstrates the health benefits that owning a pet can provide.”