UCLA In the News March 11, 2019

UCLA In the News lists selected mentions of UCLA in the world’s news media. See more UCLA In the News.

In Greenland, retreating snow is making ancient ice melt faster | Discover

Greenland is a giant ice sheet covered in snow. Its snowline — the border where snow cover and bare ice abut — migrates with the seasons, sliding to lower elevations in the winter and shifting up in the summer. Now researchers find that not only does the snowline move much more dramatically than they thought, but it also accelerates melting of the ice sheet. That’s a problem because the Greenland ice sheet is melting into the ocean and contributing to global sea level rise. The new finding could change climate model predictions, the researchers say.… “This study shows for the first time that this simple partitioning between bare ice and snow matters,” Laurence Smith, a geographer at UCLA who led the study with Ryan, said in a statement.

Will a measure to help L.A.’s homeless become a historic public housing debacle? | Los Angeles Magazine

Gary Blasi, an emeritus professor of law at UCLA who has studied homelessness, compared the rate at which the city is developing housing for the ranks of homeless to an elephant chasing a gazelle. “This is ordinary government, but it’s an extraordinary problem,” he said. “You’d think because this initiative is coming from the mayor and council offices that things would move faster. People were led to believe this was going to make a difference.”

Mountain lion in Santa Monica Mountains may have been poisoned by bait left near homes | San Gabriel Valley Tribune

National Park Service biologists along with UCLA researchers studying the lions since 2002 have found strong correlations between cases of mange and ingestion of rat poison left outside by residents and institutions, such as schools and municipalities. Of 18 local mountain lions tested, 17 were documented to have anticoagulant rat poison in their system. That includes a 3-month-old kitten, the park service reported.… “It’s concerning to see this mange in a mountain lion, because it generally means that the animal is compromised in some other way such as having been exposed to toxicants,” said Seth Riley, wildlife ecologist for the Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area and adjunct associate professor at UCLA. “We are hopeful the treatment will be successful and that we can monitor P-53’s recovery through remote camera images.” (Also: KTLA-TV, LAist)

Sheriff Alex Villanueva is assaulting L.A. County’s jail abuse reforms | Los Angeles Times Opinion

(Commentary written by UCLA’s Zev Yaroslavsky) The Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department is at a crossroads. Historic reforms that were instituted after the worst scandal in the department’s history are now under assault by our newly elected sheriff, Alex Villanueva. The stakes could not be higher — for the sheriff, his department and the citizens of our county.

States are failing on vaccinations. The federal government must lead | Washington Post Opinion

(Commentary co-written by UCLA’s Jonathan Fielding) In the year 2000, the United States essentially claimed victory against childhood diseases, eliminating measles and making the prevalence of other childhood diseases, such as mumps, extremely rare. Today, we are losing. Eleven states have reported measles cases, and a checkerboard of communities across the United States lack the necessary vaccine coverage needed to maintain the threshold herd immunity of about 96 percent — when vaccination of a substantial portion of a population protects everyone. The costs in human and financial terms are enormous.

After ‘Black Panther,’ Julia Koerner is casting new light on 3D printing | Martha Stewart.com

Currently, [Julia] Koerner is based in Los Angeles as a faculty member in the department of Architecture and Urban Design at the University of California, Los Angeles. She frequently travels to Salzburg, where she’s currently in the process of debuting a new wearable collection this year as well as showing new exhibitions. “My goal is to show to the fashion industry that 3D printed designs can be affordable as well as avant-garde,” she says. “They’re enjoyable by a bigger community than just designers and fashion experts.”

Studies find U.S. tariffs cause multibillion-dollar loss to U.S. consumers, businesses | Xinhua

A separate study, titled “The Return of Protectionism” and done by economists including Pinelopi Goldberg, the World Bank’s chief economist and a former editor-in-chief of the American Economic Review, reached a similar conclusion that U.S. firms and the American people are paying the price for U.S. tariff battle worldwide. The paper, whose other authors are Pablo Fajgelbaum of the University of California, Los Angeles, Patrick Kennedy of the University of California, Berkeley, and Amit Khandelwal of Columbia University, put annual consumer and producer losses from the higher cost of imports at $68.8 billion, or 0.37 percent of U.S. gross domestic product.

What activists today can learn from the women’s suffrage movement | Washington Post Opinion

(Commentary written by UCLA’s Ellen Carol DuBois) As we commemorate International Women’s Day today, we should remember the single greatest act of enfranchisement in American history, which took place 100 years ago with the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment forbidding disfranchisement “by sex.” With the 100th anniversary of woman suffrage fast approaching, women who are “woke” to their new power in American politics should look to the history of that great achievement because the journey to suffrage holds the key to women’s political future as well.

‘The Big Bang Theory’ doubles support for its UCLA scholarship | Deadline

As “The Big Bang Theory” winds down to its series finale, the Chuck Lorre Family Foundation has doubled its support of the show’s namesake UCLA scholarship. The Big Bang Theory Scholarship Endowment now will fund 10 needy students per year after backing five annually since its 2015 founding.

What is seafood fraud? Dangerous — and running rampant, report finds | National Geographic

In 2017, a study published in the journal Conservation Biology by researchers at the University of California, Los Angeles, found that half the sushi sold in L.A. restaurants was actually not what was listed on the menu.

Babies know the difference between laughing friends and strangers | Earth.com

Study co-author Professor Gregory Bryant from UCLA’s Department of Communication added: “Very brief instances of shared laughter can reveal rich information about people’s relationships, detectable in infants as young as five months of age and universally by adults around the world.”

New UCLA research on the number of LGBTQ Americans | KABC-TV

4.5 percent of Americans identify as LGBTQ, according to new research out of UCLA. The study revealed California has one of the highest percentages of LGBTQ people in the country, with just over 5 percent.

Geoengineering debate shifts to U.N. environment assembly | Nature

“In principle, it’s a big deal,” says Ted Parson, who studies environmental law and policy at the University of California, Los Angeles. “This could be the start of the serious international deliberation on governance that has been needed for years.”

California law requiring female corporate directors could be unconstitutional | CBC

“There are several bases under which this law could be challenged,” said Neil Wertlieb, a law professor at the University of California in Los Angeles who specializes in corporate governance. “Essentially what the law purports to do is to some extent limit or disenfranchise shareholders from their right to elect to public company boards those directors that they think are most qualified.” 

Ketamine-related drug could be ‘watershed’ in treating depression | Guardian (U.K.)

“For a long time, all our standard antidepressants have been ‘me too’ drugs,” said Dr. Walter S. Dunn, a professor of psychiatry at the University of California Los Angeles, and a member of the FDA advisory committee which recommended the drug be approved. “As much as the companies like to say our drug is better than the next, they were pretty much all the same,” said Dunn, referring to brand name drugs which work on similar pathways in the brain, such as selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors like Prozac.

What to know about pancreatic cancer after Alex Trebek’s diagnosis | Healthline

Dr. Timothy Donahue, chief of surgical oncology at UCLA’s Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, has worked on improving treatment and the ability for physicians to detect the disease earlier. “We’re just starting to make a dent in the prognosis and improve overall survival, but there is still so much more to do,” Donahue said in an emailed statement. Donahue said that the median survival rate is about 12 to 15 months, but that some patients live much longer. He advised people newly diagnosed with the disease to take “one step at a time.”

What exactly are ‘actives’ in skin-care products? | Self

But these aren’t just ingredients we think do something—we have a pretty darn good idea that they’ll be effective. “An active ingredient has been proven in a lab by research to change the skin in some way; it’s an ingredient that has data behind it,” Emily Newsom, M.D., a board-certified dermatologist at Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center, tells Self. And claims about the effectiveness of those products are regulated by the FDA to reflect that level of certainty.

Multiple sclerosis relapses don’t necessarily occur after pregnancy | Healthline

“This study provides an important update on previous data, which had indicated that women with MS were more likely to have a relapse in the first three to six months postpartum, with that risk being higher for patients with more active disease before pregnancy,” Dr. Barbara Giesser, professor of clinical neurology at the David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) and clinical director of the UCLA MS program, told Healthline.

India-born eminent mathematician, wife give $1 million to UCLA | Press Trust of India

The University of California, Los Angeles has received the amount from mathematics professor emeritus V.S. Varadarajan and his wife Veda to establish the Ramanujan Visiting Professorship in his home department, the university said in a statement. The new post will help attract visiting faculty members in Varadarajan’s specializations of automorphic forms, an important concept in number theory, and representation theory, which has been linked to elementary particles and quantum physics.

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