UCLA In the News March 21, 2018

UCLA In the News lists selected mentions of UCLA in the world’s news media. See more UCLA In the News.

Rainstorms hitting Southern California hard | New York Times

“If you look from space from a satellite, it does look like a sinuous river,” said Daniel Swain, a climate scientist at U.C.L.A. “It’s a colorful term, and it’s actually the official meteorological term to describe this process.” (Also: Los Angeles Times, KTLA-TV)

Falling transit ridership poses an ‘emergency’ | Washington Post

Michael Manville, an assistant professor of Urban Planning at the University of California, Los Angeles, co-authored a January 2018 study that found many of the losses could be attributed to increased car ownership, particularly among low-income and immigrant populations, who were in a better position to afford cars following the Great Recession. “I think it puts transportation planners in a bit of an unusual position ... if in fact the reason for that departure is low-income people are doing better, getting the ability to move around like everyone else, it’s hard to say that what we should do is get them to remove themselves from their cars and back on trains and buses,” Manville said. (Also: San Francisco Chronicle)

More Americans at risk for heart attack and stroke | Reuters

“The cardiovascular health of the U.S. started out low and has fallen,” said lead study author Dr. Arleen Brown of the David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles. “African-Americans had lower cardiovascular health than whites over the entire period studied, especially in the youngest adults,” Brown said by email. “Mexican-Americans had lower optimal cardiovascular health in most time points, but this was less consistent than the black-white difference.” (Also: Fox News, HealthDay, Medical Xpress, Scienmag)

A call to action for girl squads everywhere | New York Times

It’s a position that has been gaining steam in the legal community, among advocates of so-called friendship law like Rachel Moran, a law professor at the University of California, Los Angeles, who has argued that platonic bonds ought to matter “not only in my own intimate life, but in the eyes of the law.”

What to know about Cambridge Analytica scandal | Independent (U.K.)

As the fallout widens, Mr. Zuckerberg’s public silence “is being felt,” said Sarah Roberts, an assistant professor of information studies at the University of California, Los Angeles. “He needs to steer the ship through the crisis publicly,” Ms. Roberts said, if nothing else to reassure jittery investors who just watched Facebook’s Wall Street value take its steepest single-day plunge in years.

Drive to boost French language around world | The Guardian

The acclaimed Franco-Congolese author Alain Mabanckou, a professor at the University of California Los Angeles, turned down an invitation by Macron to help draft the plan, seeing it as a cover for continued meddling in former colonies. (Also: Agence France-Presse)

Fight for wages under the threat of deportation | PRI

Advocates say that these threats keep workers from turning to law enforcement over wage theft. Wage theft costs Los Angeles workers $26 million a week, according to the Labor Center at the University of California, Los Angeles.

The future of freeways | KCRW-FM’s “Design and Architecture”

“It was targeted for its racial and ethnic diversity. It was described by the federal government as hopelessly heterogeneous, and in this report by the Homeowners Loan Corporation, it said this would be an ideal location for a slum clearance project, and that slum clearance project was highway construction,”[UCLA’s Eric] Avila said. (UCLA’s Catherine Opie, Shekib Jami, Yifang Zhu, Theresa Cheng, and Amanda Wagner also quoted in the story)

How to win a real estate bidding war | Forbes

Listen to Paul, Habibi, Continuing Lecturer of Finance and Real Estate at UCLA Anderson School of Management. Have a plan in place where you know you what your number is before you even make your offer. Buying a personal residence that others want causes people to make irrational judgements based on emotions. They have a skewed view of the property’s fair market value. Make sure your offer is as strong as it can be.

What sleep experts do when they can’t fall asleep | Time

“When I have trouble falling asleep, it’s usually because I have something on my mind about work or my kids. Most importantly, I avoid getting upset about being awake — usually what’s on my mind is important. One advantage of being a ‘sleep expert’ is that I know I will eventually get sleepy enough to fall asleep, so I don’t get too worked up about being awake at night on occasion,” said UCLA’s Jennifer Martin.

New technology being developed for pacemakers | Voice of America

Aydin Babakhani, an engineering professor at the University of California, Los Angeles, likens implantable defibrillators to dial up telephones, which have long since been replaced by smartphones. “Pacemakers use a very old technology. They still use wires. They still use batteries. And they are bulky and large,” he said.

Two genes’ role in aiding extreme nausea, vomiting in pregnancy | Scienmag

“It has long been assumed that the pregnancy hormones, human chorionic gonadotropin or estrogen, were the likely culprits of extreme nausea and vomiting, but our study found no evidence to support this,” Marlena Fejzo, the study’s first author, said. She is an associate researcher at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA. The two genes, she added, coincidentally are linked to cachexia, a weight loss and muscle wasting condition that leads to death in about 20 percent of cancer patients and has similar symptoms to hyperemesis gravidarum. (Also: Science, News-Medical)

Immunotherapy shows promise in treating advanced liver tumors | Medical Xpress

“Advanced stage liver tumors, including ones that have spread from other locations, have limited treatment options because the patients can be in poor health; further, the complex structure of the organ can make it difficult to target with standard approaches,” said Steven S. Raman, M.D., professor of radiology, surgery and urology at the David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, and lead author of the study.

Metabolite therapy effective in treating C. difficile in mice | Medical Xpress

A team of UCLA researchers found that a metabolite therapy was effective in mice for treating a serious infection of the colon known as Clostridium difficile infection, or C. difficile. Mice that were infected with C. difficile were treated with an experimental drug called CSA13, which increased levels of four protective metabolites — molecules that help fuel, maintain and mediate cells.

Maintaining healthy bones against all odds | Cure

Deciding which therapy to use is “as much an art as a science,” according to Patricia Ganz, M.D., director of Cancer Prevention and Control Research at the UCLA Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center. “If a woman has good bones based on an initial bone density scan and has a large tumor with a higher risk of recurrence, aromatase inhibitors may be the right choice. On the other hand, if she is not tolerating the aromatase inhibitors well and is at low risk for blood clots, tamoxifen may work better. The goal is for women to stay on endocrine therapy for 10 years, so it’s essential to find one that they can tolerate over the long haul,” Ganz says.

Should oil companies pay for climate change?  | San Francisco Chronicle Opinion

(Commentary co-written by UCLA’s Ann Carlson) At the heart of both cases are these central questions: What did fossil fuel producers know about climate change and its causes and effects, when did they know it, and how did their public statements square with what they knew? The answers could help determine whether these companies should pay for some of the billions of dollars needed to protect Californians from rising seas and damage from drought, wildfire and other extreme events worsened by climate change.

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