UCLA In the News May 25, 2017

UCLA In the News lists selected mentions of UCLA in the world’s news media. See more UCLA In the News.

Science-backed way to reduce anxiety takes 30 seconds and a pen | Quartz

There are clues in a small 2007 study of 30 subjects at the University of California, Los Angeles. Led by psychology professor Matthew Lieberman, the researchers conducted a series of brain-imaging experiments in which participants were shown frightening faces and asked to choose a word that described the emotion on display. Labeling the fear-inducing object appeared to reduce activity in the amygdala, the part of the brain in which the fight or flight reflex originates, and increased activity in the right ventrolateral prefrontal cortex, which is associated with vigilance and symbolic processing. The brain’s perception of the images shifted from objects of fear to subjects of scrutiny.

Metro works to address fall in ridership | KCRW-FM’s “Design and Architecture”

“If you look at places like London, places like New York where you have very high levels of transit ridership, very high levels of bus ridership — it’s not because the fares are low. The fares in those places are much higher than in Los Angeles. It’s because driving is so expensive,” said UCLA’s Michael Manville. [Audio download] (Approx. 03:05 mark)

Important conversations scheduled for Trump | CNBC “Capital Connection”

“That was the plan was for the president to begin speaking about the increase of the NATO contributions by other NATO partners. However, in light of the horrific bombings in Manchester just a few days ago, it’s very well possible that the talks could really center on what role NATO can play or what role the U.S.-European alliance can play in combating ISIS,” said UCLA’s Benjamin Radd. (Approx. 01:00 mark)

Brain differences between people with schizophrenia, autism risks | HealthCanal

“Notably, the opposing anatomical patterns we observed were most prominent in brain regions important for social functioning,” said Carrie Bearden, lead author of the study and a professor of professor of psychiatry and biobehavioral sciences and of psychology at UCLA. “These findings provide clues into differences in brain development that may predispose to schizophrenia or autism.” (Also: Scienmag, Medical Xpress, Health Medicine Network, News-Medical)

Antibiotic-resistant bugs found in California parks | News-Medical

Jennifer Jay, a professor of environmental engineering at UCLA and one of the paper’s authors, stressed that although the findings are significant, it’s not time to panic. “We don’t want to sound alarm bells and have people afraid that they’d be breathing ARGs while they’re in the shower,” Jay said. (Also: Health Medicine Network)

The making of a medical microchip | Nature

[UCLA’s Dino] Di Carlo’s lab developed a method for a specific kind of sample preparation: isolating circulating tumor cells (CTCs) — blood-borne hallmarks of cancer that can reveal a tumor’s origin and the mutations that make it tick. To produce the chips, the lab uses a common technique called photolithography to make microchips out of PDMS, a transparent rubber. In the clean room, engineers spread a liquid mixture onto a circular plate of silicon — the material used for computer microchips.

The best-kept secrets to winning grants | Nature

Wendy Walwyn, an addiction researcher at the University of California, Los Angeles, thought she had stumbled on exactly the kind of translational research that the NIH was interested in when she found a connection between dietary omega-3 fatty acids and reduced anxiety during opioid withdrawal.… “They all said the same thing: you shouldn’t combine preclinical research and clinical work in the same application,” she recalls.

Atomic structure of irradiated materials | ScienceDaily

“The molecular dynamics technique is based on numerically solving Newton’s laws of motion for a group of interacting atoms,” said Mathieu Bauchy, an assistant professor in the Civil and Environmental Engineering department at UCLA. “All atoms apply a force on each other that can be used to calculate the acceleration of each atom over time.”

Rising skin cancer rates call for annual total body exams | News-Medical

As summer nears and more people prepare to go out in the sun, Dr. Philip Scumpia, a dermatologist and dermatopathologist at UCLA Health and member of UCLA’s Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, can discuss the conflicting recommendations over full body skin inspections. Scumpia specializes in melanoma, squamous cell carcinoma and inflammatory skin diseases.

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