UCLA In the News November 19, 2018

UCLA In the News lists selected mentions of UCLA in the world’s news media. See more UCLA In the News.

Artificial intelligence and the future of geopolitics | Brookings

(Commentary written by UCLA’s John Villasenor) AI will make manufacturing, transportation, and trade more efficient, improve crop yields, open a wealth of new opportunities for technology advances, reshuffle labor markets, and force a fundamental rethinking of approaches to national security and the architecture of modern militaries. In the coming decades, countries that are able to successfully cultivate and harness a culture of AI innovation will be well positioned for both economic growth and improved national security. By contrast, countries that maintain an overreliance on legacy infrastructure and economic models will face increasing challenges in sustaining global competitiveness.

Electric scooter invasion generates safety concerns | NBC News

After electric scooters suddenly appeared on the streets of Los Angeles about a year ago, Dr. Lisa Dabby began receiving injured riders in the emergency room of UCLA’s Nethercutt Emergency Center. “Since scooters launched in Santa Monica, I’ve seen a large number of people who’ve lost their teeth, who come in with broken bones, head injuries, skull and facial fractures,” she said. “And I’ve seen a lot of tears, because it’s a really big deal to need surgery or new teeth.” … Dabby and her team at the UCLA Medical Center have started keeping their own records to share with city officials, as has the Santa Monica fire department.

An extremely rare gamma ray emitting neutron star binary has been found | Universe Today

Initial observations, conducted in 2016, revealed weak gamma-ray emissions, which were consistent with the fact that the binary system in embedded in a stellar nursery. “This low-level, steady emission is most likely from a nebula which is being continuously powered by the pulsar,” said Ralph Bird, a post-doctoral researcher at the University of California Los Angeles who played a leading role in the VERITAS campaign.

Lung cancer has a sweet tooth: sugar delivery fuels early tumor growth | Forbes

Prostate and pancreatic cancers also use SGLT2 (Sodium Glucose Transporter 2) in order to consume sugar. This caused David Shackleford and Claudio Scafoglio at UCLA’s Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center to wonder if the same were true for lung cancers, particularly early stage NSCLCs [non-small cell lung cancer]. Together with their colleagues, they made a radiolabeled tracer that specifically binds only to SGLT2 and then used positron emission tomography (PET scans) to see where those tracers ended up in mice with NSCLC.

Big Latino turnout in midterms raises stakes for 2020 | NPR

Three-quarters of Latino voters believe Trump and other Republicans are using “toxic” rhetoric to divide the country, according to a poll conducted by Matt Barreto, professor of political science and Chicana/o studies at the University of California, Los Angeles, and co-founder of the polling firm Latino Decisions. “They were also tired of the discussion of immigrants in such a negative and racist rhetoric,” said Barreto, who was hired by the Hillary Clinton campaign in 2015. “This was a very strong mobilizing issue in the Latino community.”

Legal arguments for CNN lawsuit | KPCC-FM’s “AirTalk”

“It looks like the government can deny someone a press pass because of his misconduct … but not based on the person’s viewpoint,” said UCLA’s Eugene Volokh. (Approx. 1:05 mark)

Migrant children survive hardship to reunite with parents. Then what? | NPR

These problems, some work suggests, can persist even after reunification with family, and on into adulthood. “We found the longer the separation, the worse the [problems] — anxiety in particular,” says psychologist Carola Suárez-Orozco of the University of California, Los Angeles, and the author of one such study in 2011.

Surgeons design inexpensive headlamp to make operations safer in poor conditions | Reuters Health

“It’s brilliant to focus on this one kernel that can change the safety of an operation,” said Dr. Rochelle Dicker, vice chair for surgical critical care at the University of California, Los Angeles, and founder of the Center for Global Surgical Studies. “The compelling thing is to realize that just by having proper lighting you could do safer surgery, and to realize that millions could have life-saving surgeries.”

SLE leads autoimmune diseases for lost life years among young women | Healio

Systemic lupus erythematosus is the number one cause among autoimmune diseases of lost potential life years in women aged 15 to 24 years, and is among the leading causes of death in general in women aged 15 to 44 years, according to data presented by Ram R. Singh, MD, of the University of California, Los Angeles.

Patients with rare, incurable digestive tract cancers respond to new drug combination | Medical Xpress

“These are patients with rare, aggressive cancers that have very poor prognoses and for which there are currently limited therapeutic options,” said UCLA’s Dr. Zev Wainberg. “Their cancer has failed to respond to previous treatments — at least two prior chemotherapies had failed in 78% of them — so these are significant and promising results that provide proof that BRAF is a validated target in patients with biliary tract cancer.”

UCLA research building burns down in Woolsey Fire | The Scientist

The Woolsey Fire in Southern California has incinerated a conservation science building at a University of California, Los Angeles, field station in Malibu. The structure was one of two facilities at the site; the other one, which just opened its doors six weeks ago, was unharmed. “Our main building was the cornerstone of the field station, and it’s totally gone,” Brad Shaffer, director of the UCLA La Kretz Center for California Conservation Science and a professor at the UCLA Institute of the Environment and Sustainability, says in a press release. “We still have to get up there to assess the damage, but the new building, about 20 feet away, looks unscathed. So the good news is that it’s not all lost.”

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