UCLA In the News November 7, 2018

UCLA In the News lists selected mentions of UCLA in the world’s news media. See more UCLA In the News.

Republicans depend on Trump’s polarizing approach to gain in Senate, but it costs them the House | Los Angeles Times

Personal leadership shortcomings are not the main problem, said UCLA political science professor Lynn Vavreck, coauthor of a newly released book, “Identity Crisis,” which analyzes the causes of Trump’s 2016 victory. “I don’t think this is a failure of these leaders” as individuals, she said.

Hookah pipes far from harmless, study warns | HealthDay

“Hookah is the only form of tobacco product that uses burning charcoal briquettes to heat the flavored tobacco in the water pipe,” explained study author Mary Rezk-Hanna, an assistant professor at the University of California, Los Angeles’ School of Nursing. “So, in addition to toxic substances from tobacco and nicotine, hookah smoke exposes users to charcoal combustion products, including large amounts of carbon monoxide,” she said.

Watching election results can make you stressed but can they cause PTSD?  | Healthline

Emanuel Maidenberg, PhD, a clinical professor in the Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, agreed that we’re in a particularly stressful political environment right now. He said that, since 2016, some people very well could acutely perceive that what happens from political events going forward could directly impact them. “Some people’s reactions to modern political events could very well feel like ‘I’m under some threat in some kind of way, I have to protect myself,'” he told Healthline. “Stressors of any kind can activate people’s various vulnerabilities tied to these kinds of perceived threats.”

Massachusetts rejects effort to undo transgender non-discrimination law | Washington Blade

Despite the claims of those groups, the idea transgender non-discrimination will enable sexual assault is unfounded. In fact, a study from the Williams Institute, at the University of California, Los Angeles, found non-discrimination protections have increased safety in public restrooms.

Researcher asked 2,000 people to guess co-workers’ salaries — with eyebrow-raising results | Business Insider

An earlier study by the same researchers — Zoë Cullen from Harvard Business School and Ricardo Perez-Truglia from the Anderson School of Management at the University of California, Los Angeles — yielded similarly fascinating findings. According to their working paper, most people significantly underestimate how much their boss earns — and when they're given the correct number, they're inclined to work harder. As for peers' salaries, people were as likely to overestimate as they were to underestimate.

Sensory issues in autism may have sex-specific roots | Spectrum

“Over half of those with autism have sensory processing issues, and another big issue is this gender disparity [in autism], so I wanted to combine that in this project,” says Kaitlin Cummings, a study coordinator in Shulamite Green’s lab at the University of California, Los Angeles who presented the findings. Cummings and her colleagues collected brain-imaging data from 78 children with autism and 103 controls, aged 8 to 17 years, while the children rested in a scanner. Roughly half the children in each group were girls.

Pop star Troye Sivan returns to acting in ‘conversion therapy’ drama ‘Boy Erased’ | NBC News

According to the Williams Institute at UCLA School of Law, approximately 700,000 lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender adults have undergone conversion therapy at some point in their lives, including about 350,000 who received this treatment as adolescents. (Also: NBC News)

Why people with kidney disease should avoid high-inflammatory diets | Healthline

“Many common diseases are thought to be linked to chronic inflammation,” said Dr. Anjay Rastogi, professor and clinical chief of nephrology at the David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California Los Angeles, who isn’t affiliated with the study. “These include but are not limited to cancer, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Kidney disease is also linked to inflammation. Anything that induces, potentiates, or worsens inflammation can potentially lead to worsening of kidney disease.”

Standing in for a kidney, MXene materials could give dialysis patients the freedom to move | Medical Xpress

The authors, among them Victor Gura, MD, from Cedars Sinai Medical Center and UCLA’s David Geffen School of Medicine, who developed the first wearable artificial kidney technology, note that more frequent and longer dialysis has proven to be associated with better outcomes. “In healthy humans, blood is continuously filtered by kidneys, that is, 168 hours a week, maintaining perfect homeostasis of electrolytes, acid-base equilibrium and fluid balance,” they write. “As such, imitating the nonstop filtration may be a worthy goal to achieve better health and quality of life in end-stage renal disease patients, leading to the concept of the wearable artificial kidney.”

Big data and homelessness | KPCC-FM’s “Take Two”

“The California Policy Lab is a new nonprofit research center, with sites at UCLA and UC Berkeley. We work directly with government partners to try to help them solve problems, particularly around homelessness, criminal justice reform, education and poverty,” said UCLA’s Janey Rountree. (Approx. 0:40 mark - audio download)

Pharmacies still blocking U.S. teens looking for emergency contraception | Reuters Health

Overall, one in five pharmacies did not have the morning-after pill in stock at all. Once again, national chains were a better bet, with 91 percent reporting availability versus 57 percent of individually owned pharmacies. This could turn out to be a bigger issue for teens who live in rural areas, “where maybe the individually owned pharmacy is the only one accessible to you,” said study coauthor Paula Tavrow of the Fielding School of Public Health at the University of California, Los Angeles.

Researchers at odds on agency’s nurse staffing report | CommonWealth

The researchers also agree that, in general, the research shows that lowering the number of patients per nurse improves a wide range of patient outcomes. “This is something everyone pretty much agrees on – you add more nurses and you get better results,” said [UCLA’s Jack] Needleman.

Health coverage disparities eliminated under ACA for most racial groups, report finds | California Health Report

UCLA researcher Tara Becker said the disparity is likely because a greater proportion of Latinos are non-citizens and don’t qualify for Medi-Cal or insurance subsidies. Language difficulties may also play a role, she said, possibly leading more Latinos to lack awareness of the benefits available to them.

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