UCLA In the News September 17, 2018

UCLA In the News lists selected mentions of UCLA in the world’s news media. See more UCLA In the News.

How will police solve murders on Mars? It will be ‘very easy,’ UCLA scientist says | The Atlantic

For David Paige, worrying about crime on Mars is not just ahead of its time, it is unnecessary from the very beginning. Paige is a planetary scientist at the University of California at Los Angeles, as well as a member of a team selected by NASA to design a ground-penetrating radar system for exploring the Martian subsurface. Crime on Mars, Paige told me, will be so difficult to execute that no one will be tempted to try. “The issue,” Paige said, “is that there is going to be so much monitoring of people in various sorts of ways.… It’s going to be very easy to narrow down the possible culprits,” Paige suggested.

For kids with concussions, less time alone in a dark room | New York Times

Dr. Christopher C. Giza, professor of pediatric neurology and neurosurgery at the University of California, Los Angeles, who worked on the guidelines, said that even though there are many situations in which it might be helpful to have more extensive evidence, practicing physicians have to treat children with head trauma all the time, so “we can’t wait for the perfect study.” By following the evidence we have and being careful about the return to play for athletes, he said, “you are reducing the long-term risk.”

A fresh look back at 2016 finds America with an identity crisis | Washington Post

Now, a trio of political scientists have come forth with their answer as to why Donald Trump prevailed over Hillary Clinton, summed up in the title of their forthcoming book: “Identity Crisis.” The co-authors are John Sides of George Washington University, Michael Tesler of the University of California at Irvine and Lynn Vavreck of the University of California at Los Angeles. They have plumbed and analyzed a wealth of polling and voting data, examined surveys of attitudes taken long before, during and after the 2016 campaign. Their conclusion is straightforward. Issues of identity — race, religion, gender and ethnicity — and not economics were the driving forces that determined how people voted, particularly white voters.

New approach to breast reconstruction may reduce pain and weakness for some | New York Times

“There will be less pain in general with a prepectoral implant, but you can’t say they won’t have any chronic pain, because sometimes that’s from the mastectomy itself, not the implant,” said Dr. Deanna J. Attai, a breast surgeon and assistant clinical professor at the David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles. “But if you don’t have go through the tissue expander process” to stretch the muscle “and can go straight to implant — that’s a definite improvement.” Still, she noted, “it’s not an option for everyone.”

Ticket to ride: Marijuana sellers put seniors on the canna-bus | NPR’s “Morning Edition”

[UCLA’s Dr. David] Reuben says he sees a growing number of patients interested in using it for things like anxiety, chronic pain and depression. “I am, in general, fairly supportive of this because these are conditions (for which) there aren’t good alternatives,” he says. But Reuben cautions his patients that products bought at marijuana dispensaries aren’t FDA regulated, as are prescription drugs. That means dose and consistency can vary.

The threat to Roe v. Wade in the case of the missing precedent | New York Times

In a new essay, Richard M. Re, a law professor at the University of California, Los Angeles, said the court’s approach in the public unions case was an example of what he called the “doctrine of one last chance.” Before the Supreme Court takes a major step, he said, it gives signals that offer the affected parties and the nation time to respond, prepare and adjust.

Anger in California’s carpool lanes as up to 200,000 drivers set to lose decals | Los Angeles Times

A recent UCLA study found the ability to drive alone in a carpool lane or a toll lane is the “single biggest incentive” for Californians to buy a zero-emission vehicle if they live within 10 miles of such a lane.

Daily aspirin may be harmful for healthy older adults, large study finds | NBC News

Dr. Ravi Dave says aspirin may make sense for a small group of older healthy patients, even if they haven’t already had a heart attack or stroke, such as smokers. But for healthy patients who have not had a heart attack or stroke and who are not at high risk, “I would consider taking them off,” said Dave, director of interventional cardiology at the University of California, Los Angeles.

Immigrants use less health care than people born in U.S. | Reuters Health

“When immigrants avoid public services, due to immigration fears or language barriers or lack of providers near their homes, they often visit private pay doctors in their communities,” said Steven Wallace, associate director of the Center for Health Policy Research at the University of California Los Angeles. “They also sometimes seek care when they are visiting their home countries and pay cash,” Wallace, who wasn’t involved in the study, said by email. “The very low rates of insurance for undocumented immigrants means that most of their care is paid for out of pocket.”

Is cheap makeup bad for your skin? | Tonic

Some preservatives, meant to prevent bacteria, mold, and other microbes from growing on products, can also cause contact dermatitis. Formaldehyde and formaldehyde-releasing chemicals can have irritating effects too, says Shane Que Hee, professor of environmental health sciences at the University of California, Los Angeles. You can find quaternium-15, a formaldehyde-releasing chemical commonly added to makeup, in mascara, eyeliner, and powder. Que Hee adds that butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) — preservatives often found in eyeliner, eyeshadow, lip gloss, lipstick, foundation and blush—can cause skin allergies for some people.

How traveling abroad with kids showed me how to fix U.S. transit | Curbed

In Los Angeles, a study by UCLA researchers looked at how those infrequent riders — about three-quarters of Southern California’s population — could boost regional transit budgets. By their calculations, if just a quarter of those infrequent riders replaced a driving trip with a transit trip every two weeks, annual ridership would grow by 96 million — “more than compensating for the losses of recent years.” At the same time, the UCLA study reports, getting that number of cars off the road would alleviate congestion enough that it would make the buses and trains run more efficiently. And help achieve the region’s climate goals. Everyone wins.

Moving the office snacks (or water cooler) can have a surprising pay off | Quartz

While it may seem dramatic to say that not having a water cooler leads to suffering, UCLA psychology professor and research scientist Matthew Lieberman’s research shows that our need for connection is as strong as our need for food or water, and that social pain is actually real pain.

Manafort plea is new proof that Mueller is Trump’s worst nightmare | AZ Central Opinion

(Commentary written by UCLA’s Harry Litman) In his all-out, morally bankrupt assault on the Mueller probe, President Donald Trump had chosen Manafort as his poster child for justice. Manafort, the multi-million dollar tax cheat and mercenary servant of Russia’s interests, became Manafort, the stand-up guy. And the two men appeared to be enacting an obstruction of justice in plain view: Manafort keeping quiet and going to jail in the expectation of a corrupt pardon from Trump, which the president had shown himself very willing to give. All that is blown to bits after the plea deal announcement, which is, more than anything, a triumph for the rule of law and the notion that, Rudy Giuliani’s buffoonish proclamations to the contrary, truth is truth.

Founders Bootcamp inspires teenage entrepreneurs | Jewish Journal

The selected teams were paired with MBA students at UCLA or recent graduates, who worked with them remotely and acted as their mentors. In April, the teams were whittled down to five finalists, who then participated in an eight-week summer program in Los Angeles. In August, the finalists pitched their startups to an audience of advisers and investors at an event at UCLA’s Anderson School of Management.

Climate change and big money for new technology | KCRW-FM’s “To the Point”

“The issue with cement production is that it’s responsible for about 9 percent of global CO2 emissions, and nearly 45 percent of industrial emissions. And that, actually, is where this challenge starts,” said UCLA’s Gaurav Sant. (Approx. 6:00 mark; audio download)

How we can grow awareness about climate change | KCRW-FM

“We have to ignite some social contagion around sustainability to really make it effective. We can’t just be looking to the government. We have to look to ourselves, and there really are tools that we have as individuals that really can make a difference if we all band together and adopt them,” said UCLA’s Alex Hall. (Approx. 1:40 mark; audio download)

Asians lead rise of foreign-born immigrants | KPCC-FM’s “AirTalk”

“I think it’s a very exciting time in many ways, as we learned from our historian and from history itself, about what happened at the turn of the twentieth century. There’s a lot of diversity that comes with large waves of immigration, and the impacts are vast,” said UCLA’s Karen Umemoto. (Approx. 12:35 mark; audio download)

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