Students + Campus

Student’s talk on rocket trip to Mars propels him to top

Engineering grad student takes top honors at the 2016 UCLA Grad Slam

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Gary Li
UCLA

Aerospace engineering graduate student Gary Li won first place last week at UCLA Grad Slam, a campuswide competition for graduate students, who must explain their research in a three-minute presentation.

Aerospace engineering graduate student Gary Li won first place recently at UCLA Grad Slam, a campuswide competition where graduate students have three minutes to explain their research.

Li, who bested nearly 70 students during three rounds of competition, will represent UCLA at the UC-wide Grad Slam on April 22 in Oakland. He received a $3,000 stipend for first prize as this year’s campus winner.

His presentation, “Traveling to Mars with Immortal Plasma Rockets,” described how traditional chemical rockets currently used for space propulsion could be replaced with much more efficient plasma thrusters.

This technology generates thrust by essentially spitting out positively charged ions from a hot gas, or plasma, he explained. However, a downside is that these ions also break off pieces of the thruster’s walls, creating the risk of a catastrophic break.

But Li asked during his presentation, “What if there was an effect where the pieces that break off turn around and go back to the wall, repairing itself?”

This is where Li’s research comes in. He is exploring the best materials for the “plasma redeposition” effect, in which the thruster’s inner wall continues to repair itself even after years of ion bombardment. This would enable spacecraft carrying much less fuel, and therefore less weight, to travel much longer distances.

“Such a thruster would solve the fuel inefficiency of traditional rockets and enable us to travel to Mars,” Li said.

Following Li’s presentation, Robin Garrell, UCLA’s vice provost for graduation education and dean of the Graduate Division, asked Li if he’d like to go to Mars. Li replied that he doesn’t like roller coasters, and launching into space would be like that roller coaster experience on steroids. He said he’s quite content here on planet Earth, helping other humans get to the Red Planet.

Li, in his second year of study at UCLA, is a member of mechanical and aerospace engineering associate professor Richard Wirz’s research group. He graduated from UC Berkeley in 2014 with a bachelor’s degree in physics and astrophysics. In 2015, he received a National Defense Science and Engineering Graduate Fellowship, a highly competitive three-year award from the U.S. Department of Defense.

Li said that after earning his Ph.D., he wants to work in applied research and development for space exploration.

Second place and a $2,000 stipend was awarded to Philip Bulterys of the microbiology, immunology, and molecular genetics department. Third place honors, a $1,500 stipend and the Audience Choice Award went to Courtney Young of molecular biology department.

Other finalists included: Mayank Jog, bioengineering; Samantha Mikaiel, radiological sciences; Alexander Thiele, mechanical engineering; Victoria Tseng, epidemiology; Hsien-Liang Tseng, atmospheric and oceanic sciences; Nerve Macaspac, geography; and Erica Onugha, English.

Last year’s UCLA winner was also from engineering. Electrical engineering graduate student Jean Paul Santos won the 2015 UCLA Grad Slam with his presentation describing a new antenna array for interplanetary communication.

Separately, late last year a UCLA team earned a runner-up spot in a NASA-sponsored challenge to build a habitat for Martian explorers out of the planet’s native materials.

This story appears on the UCLA Engineering website.

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