The UCLA California Center for Population Research (CCPR), a campuswide research collaborative for demographic and population research, has received a five-year, $3.4 million population infrastructure grant from the National Institutes of Health.
The internationally respected research center enables UCLA scientists to work together across disciplines to accelerate progress in, and deepen insights gained from, demographic and population research. Founded in 1998, the center has received core funding from the NIH for the last 15 years. This new grant recognizes the center's success and renews this support.
CCPR is one of 21 NIH-funded population infrastructure centers in the United States. Population centers accelerate the pace of demographic research, insure the highest quality research, cultivate multidisciplinary approaches and promote the communication of research findings to the public and policymakers. Population research is the study of human populations, including these populations' characteristics and structures; how they change over time as a result of birth, death, migration and marriage; and their geographic distribution across space.
At the UCLA center, more than 100 faculty researchers and 100 graduate student researchers study issues as diverse as the changing American family; the role of educational opportunities in rising levels of income inequality; reproductive health in the Philippines; the health of Mexicans in Mexico and the United States; the effects of the Great Recession in the late 2000s; the effects of unemployment for subsequent career trajectories and health; and strategies to reduce infant and child mortality in poor countries. In the past five years, CCPR researchers have received more than 350 extramural grants and have produced more than 1,600 publications.
“NIH’s renewed core funding is crucial for further development of CCPR’s highly productive, multidisciplinary research environment,” said Judith Seltzer, CCPR director and professor of sociology. “By combining social science, public health, public affairs, physiological and other perspectives on population issues, we can continue to provide deeper insights into past, current and future changes in the human population, its structure and its composition.”
With NIH funding, CCPR supports affiliated faculty through mechanisms such as a small grants program; a competition for course releases for junior faculty needing to spend more time on their research; dedicated research space; statistical consulting; administrative services; a wide range of seminars, workshops and training events; state-of-the art computing; and regular interaction with affiliated faculty and students from departments and schools throughout UCLA.
Going forward, CCPR research will focus on five main areas:
- Family demography, household dynamics and individual well-being: Family-based support is a primary determinant of individuals’ well-being. Families also play a key role in the intergenerational transmission of attitudes, values, and resources that affect marriage, divorce, and fertility, health and mortality, and migration. Recent societal changes have substantially altered family forms and family life in ways that are not yet well understood.
- Population distribution, neighborhood dynamics and individual welfare: Neighborhood conditions are thought to influence individuals’ well-being, but most studies have significant theoretical and methodological limitations that limit our knowledge of neighborhood effects. CCPR researchers are developing new data and methods to address these limitations.
- Reproductive health: Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), including HIV, as well as unintended pregnancies are serious health concerns associated with reduced well-being for adults, children, and families. U.S. women report that more than half of recent pregnancies are mistimed or unwanted. The burden of unintended pregnancy is higher among racial and ethnic minorities and economically disadvantaged populations. Social factors also shape racial/ethnic and age-related disparities in STDs.
- Social dimensions of health: Poor health remains a heavy burden for many societies and individuals, particularly those that are disadvantaged. Health status is also important because it has potentially large effects on labor productivity, social and economic inequality and mobility.
- Long-term trends in population and health: Early life experiences affect health later in life. With socioeconomic development unfolding over several generations, population health partly reflects the influence of the past. Yet most studies ignore these effects on both individuals and populations, greatly reducing the explanatory and predictive power of research. CCPR researchers are examining the long reach of early life experiences on health in old age.
To learn more about the center's research, publications, affiliated faculty and more, visit the CPPR website.